The dramatic human story of an epic scientific quest and of one man's forty-year obsession to find a solution to the thorniest scientific dilemma of the day--"the longitude problem."
Anyone alive in the eighteenth century would have known that "the longitude problem" was the thorniest scientific dilemma of the day-and had been for centuries. Lacking the ability to measure their longitude, sailors throughout the great ages of exploration had been literally lost at sea as soon as they lost sight of land. Thousands of lives and the increasing fortunes of nations hung on a resolution. One man, John Harrison, in complete opposition to the scientific community, dared to imagine a mechanical solution-a clock that would keep precise time at sea, something no clock had ever been able to do on land.
Longitude is the dramatic human story of an epic scientific quest and of Harrison's forty-year obsession with building his perfect timekeeper, known today as the chronometer. Full of heroism and chicanery, it is also a fascinating brief history of astronomy, navigation, and clockmaking, and opens a new window on our world.
As the tools available through commercial GIS software have grown in sophistication, a need has emerged to instruct users on the best practices of true GIS analysis. In this sequel to the bestselling The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, author Andy Mitchell delves into the more advanced realm of spatial measurements and statistics. The premise of The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, Volume 2, targets GIS technology as having been well used as a display and visualization medium but not so widely used as an implement for real analysis. Covering topics that range from identifying patterns and clusters, to analyzing geographic relationships, this book is a valuable resource for GIS users performing complex analysis.
This book from the Peter Whitfield cartographic series traces the history of humankind's relation to the sea as revealed in ten centuries of maritime maps. Presenting sixty maps reproduced in color over double-page spreads, and commentary describing their special features and their significance in the history of navigation, the book explores ancient navigation; the Middle Ages and the Age of Discovery; the printed sea chart, 1600-1800; and the modern sea chart.
Have you ever wondered why Minnesota's forests grow in the north and not in the west? Why gaming casinos are prospering? Why producers raise chickens instead of cows? Why some towns grow while others fail? Minnesota's natural wonders have had an effect on and been changed by the people who call this complex mosaic of lakes and forests, rivers and fields home. Through engaging, in-depth text and copious illustrations, John Fraser Hart and Susy Svatek Ziegler explore the human and environmental characteristics that define the state in Landscapes of Minnesota.
Illustrated with hundreds of maps and color photographs that reveal the changing character of Minnesota, this stunning geography traces the development of the state's natural environment, how the land formations, plants, and animals became a part of its fabric, and how they have changed over time. Focusing on small towns, the authors document patterns of growth and decline, offering striking commentary on these once-key bastions of Minnesota-ness. Turning to the Twin Cities, they analyze the expanding urban arc and the surprising growth of a baby boomer retirement belt. Landscapes of Minnesota explores how the lives and livelihoods of Minnesotans have affected what the state has become and what it one day will be.
During the great ages of exploration "the longitude problem" was the greatest of scientific challenges. Lacking the ability to determine their longitude, sailors were literally lost at sea as soon as they lost sight of land. Ships ran aground on rocky shores; those traveling welt-known routes were easy prey to pirates.
In 1714, England's Parliament offered a huge reward to anyone whose method of measuring longitude could be proven successful. The scientific establishment -- from Galileo to Sir Isaac Newton -- had mapped the heavens in its certainty of a celestial answer. In stark contrast, one man, John Harrison, dared to imagine a mechanical solution -- a clock that would keep precise time at sea, something no clock had been able to do on land. And the race was on.
After an historical introduction, which includes biographies of the world's most important cartographers and a glossary of terms, four chronological chapters cover the period up to the end of the sixteenth century--the bulk of the book--the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Contains 200 illustrations.
Showcasing hand-drawn, painted, digital, 3D-sculpted, and folded maps, this unique collection celebrates the modern map, in all imaginable forms. The Art of Cartography invites readers on a journey across the globe--and beyond--through geographical maps, fictional maps, and innovative cultural, economic, and political maps. Charting themes that range from power, gentrification, and literature to animals, plants and food, they offer a slice of social history that is as striking as it is fascinating.
From 1972 until his death in 1987, Andy Warhol worked prodigiously on a variety of projects. Sublime examples of his work from this period are gathered in this elegantly designed collection which includes essays on the artist and interviews with him.