Before the mid-fifteenth century, the Christian and Islamic governments of Europe had restricted the architecture and design of synagogues and often prevented Jews from becoming architects. Stiefel presents a study of the material culture and religious architecture that this era produced.
La Ruta del Peregrino (the pilgrimage route) stretches a distance of 117 kilometers through the vast and imposing mountain range of Jalisco, Mexico. Approximately two million people participate each year in this religious phenomenon to meet the Virgin of Talpa as an act of devotion, faith and gratitude. This book conveys the feeling of traveling on the pilgrim's route and encountering architectural monuments and their infrastructure, like shelters and viewpoints, embedded in the harsh landscape. Each introduced landmark, designed by renowned architects, sparks a dialogue about sustainability and austerity, landscape and architecture. Landscape of Faith is a documentation of the ways architecture can increase the identity of a pilgrimage route and add layers of meaning that reach far beyond the religious.
Le Corbusier s Chapel of Notre Dame du Haut is one of the most unique and surprising religious buildings of the 20th century. In Ronchamp, eastern France, Le Corbusier built his masterpiece on the site of a church destroyed in World War II which itself took the place of a fourth-century Christian chapel and transformed an ancient pilgrimage site into a dramatic work of modern art. In this insightful and gorgeously illustrated volume, Maria Antoinetta Crippa and Francoise Causse explore the reasons Le Corbusier, one of modern architecture s most famous exponents of urbanism, created an ethereal space of worship on a remote hill in the French countryside. Putting the chapel into historical context and exploring the controversies that surround it, the book also features stunning new photographs that capture the genius of Le Corbusier s design.
Sacred buildings are among the oldest types of edifice produced in human civilisation. The construction of churches, synagogues, mosques and other building which are used for sacred, ritual or ceremonial acts is still considered the most prestigious of construction tasks. Next to functional demands, which are heavily ritualized in liturgical practice, the architects must concentrate particularly on the aesthetic expression. The space must operate as a framework for belief, with specific reference to the religion to be served. It must also be an appropriate stage for the experience of the divine service and concomitant spirituality. This volume shows exceptional examples of buildings from the various religions and denominations which often attain the status of works of art.
Legendary explorer Lt. Col. Juan Bautista de Anza completed a 1,000-mile journey from Sonora, Mexico, crossing the Mojave Desert with the first settlers, to San Francisco s pristine harbor. Fr. Francisco Palou celebrated the dedication of Mission San Francisco de Asis on June 29, 1776. First established to protect Spain s interests in Alta California from foreign ships, California s landmark buildings are featured here with newly discovered photography depicting a romantic era of colorful Spanish conquistadors, Franciscan padres, and mission Indian neophytes from 1769 to 1823. Explore the heritage of California pioneers first communities and the 21 California Spanish missions of adobe, stone, and tile that are considered architectural wonders that have captured the imagination of visitors and historians over centuries."
Social groups formed around shared religious beliefs encountered significant change and challenges between the 1860s and the 1970s. This book is the first collection of essays of its kind to take a broad, thematically-driven case study approach to this genre of architecture and its associated visual culture and communal experience. Examples range from Nuns' holy spaces celebrating the life of St Theresa of Lisieux to utopian American desert communities and their reliance on the philosophy of Teilhard de Chardin.
Modern religious architecture converses with a broad spectrum of social, anthropological, cultural and theological discourses and the authors engage with them rigorously and innovatively. As such, new readings of sacred spaces offer new angles and perspectives on some of the dominant narratives of the nineteenth, twentieth and twenty-first centuries: empire, urban expansion, pluralism and modernity. In a post-traditional landscape, religious architecture suggests expansive ways of exploring themes including nostalgia and revivalism; engineering and technological innovation; prayer and spiritual experimentation; and the beauty of holiness for a brave new world. Shaped by the tensions and anxieties of the modern era and powerfully expressed in the space and material culture of faith, the architecture presented here creates a set of new turning points in the history of the built environment.
Mosques from Europe, the Indian subcontinent, North America, North Africa and the sub-Sahara, the Middle East, and Russia and the Caucasus are showcased. This book covers their earliest origins in Mecca and Medina to contemporary masterpieces, illuminating their stylistic transformations and providing examples from Islam's great dynasties--the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Mamluks, the Ottomans, the Safavids, and the Mughals. Original and archival photographs offer exterior and interior views along with images of adjacent gardens and fountains that grace these sanctuaries. Stunning mosque calligraphy and tilework, as well as furnishings and illumination, enhance this volume.
In their quest to adapt to and speak to the present age, Catholics over the last forty years have unquestioningly allowed the trends in modern architecture to fashion their churches, and the outcome has been the construction of the ugliest and emptiest churches in history, according to author Moyra Doorly, an architect from England.
Doorly traces the principles of modern architecture to the ideas of space that spread rapidly during the 20th century. She sees a parallel between the desacralization of the heavens, and consequently of our churches, and the inward search for a god of one's own. This double movement--away from the transcendent God, who reveals himself to man through Scripture and tradition, and toward an inner truth relevant only to oneself--has emptied our churches of the majesty and beauty that once inspired reverence in both believers and unbelievers alike. Illustrated with many photographs.
Drawing upon a lifetime's knowledge, Patterns of Stylistic Change in Islamic Architecture presents Michael Meinecke's unique view of the evolution and development of Islamic architecture.
Departing from conventional method which groups buildings and monuments according to dynasties and defines national characteristics based on the ethnic origins of Arabic, Persian, or Turkish patrons, Meinecke emphasizes the similarities which resulted from interrelations among neighboring or far-away areas. He argues that transformations in the development of Islamic architecture can be explained by the movements of skilled craftsmen who traveled extensively in their search for challenging work, allowing for their influence to be felt across a broad region.
Meinecke's unique approach to Islamic architecture will no doubt inspire others to emulate his approach in studying other regions or areas. Few, however, will be able to attain the consummate mastery of the subject which enlivens these essays.
Evoking the rich beauty of California's mission heritage in lush watercolors and insightful prose, this beautifully illustrated exploration follows the gorgeous path of El Camino Real, stretching from the San Joaquin and Salinas Valleys, through the rugged coastlines of Monterey and San Francisco, and inland to Sonoma. Delving into the enduring architectural, artistic, and cultural history of the Golden State, this study reveals founding hero Father Junipero Serra's pioneering labors, the conquest of the land's agricultural wealth, and California's painful transfers from the Indians to Spain, Mexico, and the United States. Remembering the labors of the early Spanish priests and Native Americans, this treasury of captivating artistry celebrates and preserves the masterworks of the state's founding era.