Divided into sections, this study concentrates on developments in European rationalism during this century, focusing on aspects of rationalism in the 1930s and neo-rationalism from the 1960s to the modern day. It features 36 projects from the beginning of the century to the present. The buildings are chosen in order to reflect the spirit and architecture of the rationalist movement. All projects represented by architects no longer alive have been redrawn to convey their concept and meaning, and care has been taken to set the buildings in their original context.
Taking an unusual approach to his subject, J. J. Coulton examines ancient Greek architecture from the point of view of the practicing architects. He discusses their ideas and technical achievements from the early seventh century B.C. to the first century B.C.
Drawing on surviving written evidence from antiquity as well as on the evidence of the buildings themselves, Mr. Coulton provides answers to such questions as: What must it have been like to build a Greek temple? Who did the building? What training was required? How did the Greeks begin? What problems did they face?
The first chapter considers the relations of architects to patrons and clients and the role of architects in ancient society generally. Subsequent chapters explore a series of architectural problems and their solutions. In his final chapter Mr. Coulton assesses the architects' techniques and their contributions to structural design, evaluating their theoretical knowledge of mechanics and their practical understanding of structural concepts. Generously illustrated and lucidly written, this volume will appeal to all who are interested in architecture, architectural history, and archaeology.
Angels are sculpted everywhere in Paris, not just on churches but in unexpected places: holding a lightning rod atop the Th tre du Ch telet's roof, adorning a seventeenth-century gilded sundial inside a courtyard at the Sorbonne, hovering above a railroad headquarters where a beautiful stone frieze features young angels flying in to work on the tracks. Subtly, subliminally, the angels are a part of the fanciful and romantic spirit of Paris. Angels of Paris is the first book to explore this intriguing and extraordinary subject.
Angels of Paris features beautiful photographs taken from dawn to dusk, in all seasons, accompanied by text explaining the story behind the creation of each angel and of the location in which it is found. Organized chronologically, the book delves into the artistic trends and historic movements the angels reflect and the stories of the artists who created them and of those who commissioned them. Readers will learn about Paris's history, buildings, and monuments through the abundant, beautiful, and surprising depictions of angels from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century.
This book examines the application of drawing in the design process of classical architecture, exploring how the tools and techniques of drawing developed for architecture subsequently shaped theories of vision and representations of the universe in science and philosophy. Building on recent scholarship that examines and reconstructs the design process of classical architecture, John R. Senseney focuses on technical drawing in the building trade as a model for the expression of visual order, showing that the techniques of ancient Greek drawing actively determined concepts about the world. He argues that the uniquely Greek innovations of graphic construction determined principles that shaped the massing, special qualities, and refinements of buildings and the manner in which order itself was envisioned.
This book takes part of the dissemination results plan established in the ATHENA project and, in particular, in the dissemination plan of work package 4 (WP4) devoted to the development of a management plan, guidelines and a usage manual for compatible utilization of ancient theatres, of which the IRP team has been leader. Despite archaeological heritage being a limited resource, the reuse of old structures for cultural activities is a growing activity in Europe as a useful strategy for activating tourism and, in this line the ancient theatres offer a wide range of opportunities. Nevertheless, the implementation of cultural programs can easily have irreversible consequences. Multipurpose activities such as festivals, concerts and theatre performances that are carried out in a large majority of Greek and Roman theatrical structures in the Mediterranean Basin require modern facilities that can cause a notable impact and the subsequent deterioration of sites and structures, which is difficult to manage and control. The use of these monuments also causes environmental and urban management problems, so that an optimal balance between sustainable use and preservation must be achieved. The ATHENA project has been proposed for developing management plans that enable managers to minimize the possible impact of cultural and socio-economic development on the ancient theatres through the application of appropriate overall strategies for preserving tangible and intangible aspects of heritage. This book includes not only the management plan, as the main result of work package 4, but also the methodological and operational guidelines applied in developing the document. We hope this book will be a useful tool for researchers as well as for costumers, stakeholders, and institutions responsible for the safeguard of ancient theatres.
Bilingual edition: Spanish & English
Redesigning Gridded Cities focuses with extreme detail on four paradigmatic gridded cities, Manhattan, Chicago, Barcelona, and Hangzhou by analyzing these cities and proposing their own interventions that implicate the grid in productive ways. They emphasize the value of open forms for city design, and specifically insist that the grid has the unique capacity to absorb and channel urban transformation flexibly and productively. In both historical and projective, this series of books explore the potential of the grid as a design tool to produce a multitude of urban processes and forms.The construction of modern Barcelona can be seen as a laboratory of urban projects and planning strategies. This process spanning more than 150 years features a series of innovative experiments that correspond to different scales and explain the complexity involved in constructing such a singular capital city.
In this dramatic journey through religious and artistic history, R. A. Scotti traces the defining event of a glorious epoch: the building of St. Peter's Basilica. Begun by the ferociously ambitious Pope Julius II in 1506, the endeavor would span two tumultuous centuries, challenge the greatest Renaissance masters--Michelangelo, Raphael, and Bramante--and enrage Martin Luther. By the time it was completed, Shakespeare had written all of his plays, the Mayflower had reached Plymouth--and Rome had risen with its astounding basilica to become Europe's holy metropolis. A dazzling portrait of human achievement and excess, Basilica is a triumph of historical writing.