Here's the primer every first-time inventor needs. Packed with detailed information and concise explanations, "Nolo's Patents for Beginners "defines what a patent is and what it can do for you. Step by step, it explains how to: . use basic patent principles
. document an invention
. conduct a patent search
. acquire patent rights
. "read" an application
. determine patent ownership
. analyze disputes
. find patent information
. interpret international patent law "Nolo's Patents for Beginners" provides sample forms and letters, resources and a glossary of terms. This edition is completely revised to cover all changes in patent case law and updated regulations for inventors applying for a patent.
"Clarence Darrow was] perhaps the most effective courtroom opponent of cant, bigotry, and special privilege that our country has produced. All of Darrow's most celebrated pleas are here in defense of Leopold and Loeb (1924), of Lieutenant Massie (1932), of Big Bill Haywood (1907), of Thomas Scopes (1925), and of himself for attempted bribery." "The New Yorker""
How did America become a nation that tortured prisoners, spied on its citizens, and gave its president unchecked powers in matters of defense? Has justice been the greatest casualty of the war on terror?After the attacks of September 11, 2001, the Bush administration swiftly began to rethink its approach to national security. In a series of memos and policy decisions, many top secret and only made public much later, the administration s lawyers dismissed the Geneva conventions as quaint, justified the torture of suspected terrorists, argued that the president in his capacity as commander in chief was bound by no laws in defending the nation at home and abroad, and approved a domestic surveillance program that flagrantly violated US law.In Justice at War, David Cole takes a critical look at the men who made the decisions that shaped America s war on terror. After September 11, Attorney General John Ashcroft aggressively expanded federal law enforcement powers. John Yoo, who served in the Justice Department s Office of Legal Counsel, drafted some of the most controversial memos justifying torture. David Addington, Dick Cheney s counsel, argued for virtually unlimited presidential power. Alberto Gonzales, Bush s counsel, seemed willing to defend the president s view on any issue.
Yet Cole believes that America can prevail against the threat of terror, not by dismantling the checks and balances that guarantee the fairness of our justice system but by restoring them. He discusses how Michael Mukasey, the new attorney general, may try to improve the Justice Department s tattered reputation. He explains why the Supreme Court rejected the president s claim of authority to try enemy combatants in military tribunals under rules that violated the Geneva conventions. And he considers arguments by legal scholars about the limits of constitutional protections when the nation is under the threat of terrorism.Yet above all we must remember that the Constitution embodies principles that we should not give up in times of fear, Cole argues: Both the strength and security of the nation in the struggle with terrorists rest on adherence to the rule of law, including international law, because only such adherence provides the legitimacy we need if we are to win back the world s respect. "
In 1992, the voters of Colorado passed a ballot initiative amending the state constitution to prevent the state or any local government from adopting any law or policy that protected a person with a homosexual, lesbian, or bisexual orientation from discrimination. This amendment was immediately challenged in the courts as a denial of equal protection of the laws under the United States Constitution. This litigation ultimately led to a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court invalidating the Colorado ballot initiative. Suzanne Goldberg, an attorney involved in the case from the beginning on behalf of the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, and Lisa Keen, a journalist who covered the initiative campaign and litigation, tell the story of this case, providing an inside view of this complex and important litigation.
Starting with the background of the initiative, the authors tell us about the debates over strategy, the court proceedings, and the impact of each stage of the litigation on the parties involved. The authors explore the meaning of legal protection for gay people and the arguments for and against the Colorado initiative.
This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the development of civil rights protections for gay people and the evolution of what it means to be gay in contemporary American society and politics. In addition, it is a rich story well told, and will be of interest to the general reader and scholars working on issues of civil rights, majority-minority relations, and the meaning of equal rights in a democratic society.
Suzanne Goldberg is an attorney with the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund. Lisa Keen is Senior Editor at the Washington Blade newspaper.
This one-of-a-kind user's guide to successful lobbying for defense appropriation draws on Matthew R. Kambrod's forty-plus years of experience both in the Pentagon as a military officer and on Capitol Hill as a lobbyist. The book presents step-by-step instructions for the lobbyist along with detailed information that only someone with the author's background could provide. He understands how the system works and shows how, when lobbying is conducted within the boundaries of propriety, the process can efficiently benefit lawmakers and defense officials as well as industry. A former Deputy for Aviation to the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research, Development, and Acquisition and a current lobbyist for the defense industry, Colonel Kambrod leads the reader through the annual lobbying process, explaining how the armed services establish their requirements for defense programs and how the annual budget is formulated. He also addresses the all-important distinction between "funded" and "unfunded" requirements; defines the roles played by the military, industry, and Congress; and lists the steps to be taken to develop arguments in the pursuit of congressional funding. Topics of general interest, such as campaign contributions, abuse of power, and possible lobbying reforms, are included along with a practical list of lessons learned and an appendix filled with samples of useful documents. In demystifying the process of lobbying for defense dollars, the author provides an essential tool for everyone interested in the subject both lobbyists and all those who must interact with them.
The names of James Joyce and Ezra Pound ring out in the annals of literary modernism, but few recognize the name of Samuel Roth. A brash, business-savvy entrepreneur, Roth made a name--and a profit--for himself as the founding editor and owner of magazines that published selections from foreign writings--especially the risqu� parts--without permission. When he reprinted segments of James Joyce's epochal novel Ulysses, the author took him to court.Without Copyrights tells the story of how the clashes between authors, publishers, and literary "pirates" influenced both American copyright law and literature itself. From its inception in 1790, American copyright law offered no or less-than-perfect protection for works published abroad--to the fury of Charles Dickens, among others, who sometimes received no money from vast sales in the United States. American publishers avoided ruinous competition with each other through "courtesy of the trade," a code of etiquette that gave informal, exclusive rights to the first house to announce plans to issue an uncopyrighted foreign work. The climate of trade courtesy, lawful piracy, and the burdensome rules of American copyright law profoundly affected transatlantic writers in the twentieth century. Drawing on previously unknown legal archives, Robert Spoo recounts efforts by James Joyce, Ezra Pound, Bennett Cerf--the founder of Random House--and others to crush piracy, reform U.S. copyright law, and define the public domain. Featuring a colorful cast of characters made up of frustrated authors, anxious publishers, and willful pirates, Spoo provides an engaging history of the American public domain, a commons shaped by custom as much as by law, and of piracy's complex role in the culture of creativity.
Bestselling author Jeffrey Toobin takes you into the chambers of the most important--and secret--legal body in our country, the Supreme Court, and reveals the complex dynamic among the nine people who decide the law of the land.
Just in time for the 2008 presidential election--where the future of the Court will be at stake--Toobin reveals an institution at a moment of transition, when decades of conservative disgust with the Court have finally produced a conservative majority, with major changes in store on such issues as abortion, civil rights, presidential power, and church-state relations.
Based on exclusive interviews with justices themselves, "The Nine" tells the story of the Court through personalities--from Anthony Kennedy's overwhelming sense of self-importance to Clarence Thomas's well-tended grievances against his critics to David Souter's odd nineteenth-century lifestyle. There is also, for the first time, the full behind-the-scenes story of "Bush v. Gore"--and Sandra Day O'Connor's fateful breach with George W. Bush, the president she helped place in office.
"The Nine" is the book bestselling author Jeffrey Toobin was born to write. A CNN senior legal analyst and "New Yorker" staff writer, no one is more superbly qualified to profile the nine justices.