Law and Law Reference
Sandra Day O'Connor
How the First Woman on the Supreme Court Became Its Most Influential Justice
Paperback ISBN: 006059019x
A engaging portrait of America's first woman on the Supreme Court traces Sandra Day O'Connor's influential twenty-four-year career as a justice, discussing the personal challenges she confronted during her tenure, including a bout with breast cancer, and critically analyzing her impact on the course of American law. Reprint.
The Supreme Court Phalanx
The Court's New Right-wing Bloc
Paperback ISBN: 1590172930
George W. Bush’s nominations of John Roberts and Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court in 2005 were widely expected to turn it sharply to the right. But no one foresaw the rapidity or the revolutionary zeal with which, as Ronald Dworkin writes, the Court would begin “overruling, most often by stealth, the central constitutional doctrines that generations of past justices, conservative as well as liberal, had constructed.” Dworkin examines the key decisions of the Court’s 2006-–2007 term and argues that these two new justices, along with Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas, have created an “unbreakable phalanx bent on remaking constitutional law.” They are guided not by political ideology or conservative judicial principle but rather by “partisan, cultural, and perhaps religious allegiance,” and disdain tradition, precedent, even careful legal reasoning. In his analyses of the prior records of Roberts and Alito, Dworkin finds ample evidence that both have long held strong conservative convictions. But during their confirmation hearings, they gave little hint of their judicial philosophy, hiding behind vague promises to make decisions “according to the rule of law.” If senators fail to press nominees for candid answers to the controversial questions of principle underlying the Constitution, Dworkin contends, then the confirmation process is irrelevant. As a result, the Court may be dominated for a generation by justices whose views are far from those of most Americans. Its past decisions on issues such as abortion, affirmative action, and executive power, Dworkin fears, are “vulnerable to reversal in the next several years as the fiercely conservative justices set out to rewrite American constitutional law without much caring about the logic of the arguments they use to do so. Bush’s appointment of Roberts and Alito may prove to be among the worst of the many disasters of his miserable administration.”
At War Against the Media
Hardcover ISBN: 1881508269
Author Cohen, having been outed in the press as the source of records pertaining to the shoplifting conviction of the political rival of his client in a gubernatorial campaign, sued the paper for breach of contract as they had agreed to use him as an anonymous source. The case, Cohen vs. Cowles Media, eventually reached the Supreme Court and is now studied in First Amendment law. Here he provides his account of those events from the origins of his involvement in the political campaign to the eventual resolution of the case. Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court
Hardcover ISBN: 0195058356
A compendium of information on this seminal American institution includes a thousand entries covering the people, cases, and issues that have dominated the Court over the past two hundred years. 20,000 first printing. $20,000 ad/promo.
The Bielski Partisans
Paperback ISBN: 0195093909
The prevailing image of European Jews during the Holocaust years is one of helpless victims under a death sentence, unable to fight consignment to the ghettos, to the camps, and to the gas chambers. In fact, many Jews struggled alone or with others against the terrors of the Third Reich, risking their lives against overwhelming odds for the slimmest chance of survival, or a mere glimpse of freedom. In Defiance, Nechama Tec offers a riveting history of one such group, a forest community in western Belorussia that would number more than 1,200 Jews by 1944--the largest armed rescue operation of Jews by Jews in World War II. Describing the entire partisan movement in the region, Tec shows that while most forest fighters in Belorussia were rifle-carrying young men, the members of this extraordinary community included both men and women, some with weapons but mostly unarmed, ranging from infants to the elderly. She reconstructs for the first time the amazing details of how these partisans and their families--hungry, exposed to the harsh winter weather, always on the lookout for German patrols--managed not only to survive, but to offer protection to all Jewish fugitives who could find their way to them. Driven by courage born out of despair, they dug wells, set up workshops to repair guns, made clothes, and resoled shoes, supplied services to other guerilla units, and even established a makeshift hospital and school in the forest. Arguing that this success would have been unthinkable without the vision of one man, Tec offers penetrating insight into the group's commander, Tuvia Bielski, and his journey from his life as the son of the only Jewish peasant family in an isolated rural village to his emergence as a leader possessing the charisma and courage to command under all but impossible circumstances. Tec brings to light the untold story of Bielski's struggle as a partisan who lost his parents, wife, and two brothers to the Nazis, yet never wavered in his conviction that it was more important to save one Jew than to kill twenty Germans. She shows how, under Bielski's guidance, the partisans smuggled Jews out of heavily guarded ghettos, scouted the roads for fugitives, and led retaliatory raids against Belorussian peasants who collaborated with the Nazis against their former Jewish neighbors. Refusing to turn away the weak or the old for the sake of the survival of the larger group, Bielski would warn new arrivals to the forest, "Life is difficult, we are in danger all the time, but if we perish, if we die, we die like human beings." A scholar, a writer, and herself a Holocaust survivor, author Nechama Techas devoted the last two decades to studying the fate of European Jewry, recording rare but vital examples of human compassion, resistance, altruism and heroism in the face of overwhelming horror and despair. Drawing on wide-ranging research and never before published interviews with surviving partisans--including Tuvia Bielski himself two weeks before his death in 1987--she reconstructs here the poignant and unforgettable story of those who chose to fight.
A New History
Hardcover ISBN: 158648303x
Insights gleaned from more than one hundred original interviews shed new light on history's most famous death camp, with the testimonies of survivors providing a detailed and chilling portrait of the camp's inner workings, in a companion volume to the PBS documentary. 60,000 first printing.
The Rule of Force in World Affairs
Paperback ISBN: 0896086119
Contents Rogues' Gallery: Who Qualifies? Rogue States Crisis in the Balkans East Timor Retrospective "Plan Colombia" Cuba and the US Government: David vs. Goliath Putting on the Pressure: Latin America Jubilee 2000 "Recovering Rights": A Crooked Path The United States and the "Challenge of Universality" The Legacy of War Millennium Greetings Power in the Domestic Arena Socioeconomic Sovereignty Notes Index An Excerpt from Rogue States by Noam Chomsky The concept of "rogue state" plays a pre-eminent role today in policy planning and analysis. The current Iraq crisis is only the latest example. Washington and London declared Iraq a "rogue state," a threat to its neighbors and to the entire world, an "outlaw nation" led by a reincarnation of Hitler who must be contained by the guardians of world order, the United States and its British "junior partner," to adopt the term ruefully employed by the British foreign office half a century ago. The concept merits a close look. [...] A secret 1995 study of the Strategic Command, which is responsible for the strategic nuclear arsenal, outlines the basic thinking. Released through the Freedom of Information Act, the study, Essentials of Post-Cold War Deterrence, "shows how the United States shifted its deterrent strategy from the defunct Soviet Union to so-called rogue states such as Iraq, Libya, Cuba and North Korea," AP reports. The study advocates that the US exploit its nuclear arsenal to portray itself as "irrational and vindictive if its vital interests are attacked." That "should be a part of the national persona we project to all adversaries," in particular the "rogue states." "It hurts to portray ourselves as too fully rational and cool-headed," let alone committed to such silliness as international law and treaty obligations. "The fact that some elements" of the US government "may appear to be potentially 'out of control' can be beneficial to creating and reinforcing fears and doubts within the minds of an adversary's decision makers." The report resurrects Nixon's "madman theory": our enemies should recognize that we are crazed and unpredictable, with extraordin
Thinking About Terrorism
The Threat to Civil Liberties in a Time of National Emergency
Paperback ISBN: 1590318420
Tigar (a veteran lawyer who has defended such figures as Angela Davis, John Demjanjuk, Terry Nichols, and Lynn Stewart) presents a series of essays exploring issues of terrorism and law in world history. Notably, he addresses both state-sponsored terrorism and terrorism by non-state actors, devoting a section to each. In the section on state-sponsored terrorism he includes discussion of judicial proceedings related to Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and the assassination (on the streets of Washington, DC) of Pinochet opponent Orlando Letelier; judicial proceedings involving French collaborators with the Nazis; truth and reconciliation processes in South Africa and Chile; and the jurisdiction, procedure, fairness, and limits of international criminal tribunals. In the second section he discusses the colonial roots of terrorism, terrorism in anticolonial struggles and civil wars, US policy towards the People's Mujahideen of Iran (the Mujahideen-e Khalq), terrorism and the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution, Judge Richard Posner's Not a Suicide Pact; and the Bush administrations plans to use military commissions to try the so-called "enemy combatants" held at Guantanamo. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)