Languages, Miscellaneous
Building One Fire: Art + World View in Cherokee Life
Building One Fire
Art + World View in Cherokee Life
Hardcover      ISBN: 1616589604

In Building One Fire, Chad Smith and renowned Cherokee-Osage scholar and author Rennard Strickland present a unique look at Cherokee art through the lens of Cherokee philosophy. Since the time when Water Spider brought the gift offire to the Cherokee people, the One Fire, "the Ancient Lady," has been at the center of Cherokee spiritual life.

From this fire, which represents community, thewhite smoke of prayer rises to Nitsudunvha, One Who is Always Above. In return Nitsudunvha sends to each person four sets of gifts with whichto develop mind, body, and spirit. These gifts are brought by four messengers, one from each of thecardinal directions. The gifts of the four messengers, the colors and qualities associated with them, and the four-pointcircle that embraces the sacred fire--all these arepart of Cherokee consciousness and creativity.They take visible form, subtly or directly, in works created by Cherokee artists.

This book presents more than 200 art-works by some 80 artists which speak to what it means to be Cherokee. Cherokee philosopher Benny Smith shares his teachings about Cherokee world view, Cherokee art is laid before the reader in a visual feast, and a special endingsection celebrates the vivaciousness of child artists who represent the next generation's creative Cherokee citizens.

Business Welsh: A User's Manual
Business Welsh
A User's Manual
Paperback      ISBN: 0415129982
Business Welsh is a reference volume for native speakers and second language learners who wish to use Welsh in a business or professional environment.
This book comprises a wide range of sample situations in English and Welsh which can be adapted to meet the specific requirements of the user.
Business Welsh is:
* fully bilingual
* covers 45 business situations
* comprises letters, faxes, adverts and other essential business documents
From letters of complaint to job applications, Business Welsh is the essential handbook for using Welsh in a professional environment.
Catalan Dictionary: Catalan-English, English-Catalan
Catalan Dictionary
Catalan-English, English-Catalan
by Vox
Paperback      ISBN: 0415108020

First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Cáw Pawá Láakni / They Are Not Forgotten: Sahaptian Place Names Atlas of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla
Cáw Pawá Láakni / They Are Not Forgotten
Sahaptian Place Names Atlas of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla
Paperback      ISBN: 0295990260

C w Paw L akni / They Are Not Forgotten is a book like none other. This ethnogeographic atlas of Native place names presents a compelling account of interactions between a homeland and its people. A project of the Tam stslikt Cultural Institute at the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation - composed of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla Tribes in eastern Oregon - C w Paw L akni documents and describes more than four hundred place names. The full-color, detailed maps and the narrative that introduces and supports them paint a picture of a way of life. This meticulous assemblage of memory and meaning echoes cultural and geographical information that has all but disappeared from common knowledge.

To create this historical and cultural atlas of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla homeland, which spans the Columbia River and its tributaries from southeastern Washington to northeastern Oregon, ethnographic, traditional, and institutional knowledge was gathered together and incorporated into a GIS database to produce customized maps that present this knowledge. Many of the accounts are from the individuals who traveled on horseback, lived in and saw these places, and possessed knowledge that can no longer be replicated. In presenting these place-names, the Tribes strive to ensure the vitality of this communal knowledge into the future.

In C w Paw L akni, places named in Indian languages are juxtaposed with sites that are central to the colonial period in the West, such as those described by the Lewis and Clark Expedition and those given to fur-trading posts, missions, and places on the Oregon Trail. The atlas adds a needed and vivid Native perspective to the written history and geography of Oregon and the West.

Chechen-English/English-Chechen Dictionary & Phrasebook
Chechen-English/English-Chechen Dictionary & Phrasebook
Paperback      ISBN: 0781804469

The aim of this dictionary is to assist the student or traveler in expanding his or her knowledge of the language and culture of Chechnya. It includes: an introduction to basic grammar; pronunciation guide; the Chechen alphabet; Chechen to English and English to Chechen dictionary; and a Chechen phrasebook featuring all topics a visitor to Chechnya needs to know, including time of day, dates, transportation, money, communication services, maps; and much more.

Chilenismos-English/English-Chilenismos Dictionary & Phrasebook
Chilenismos-English/English-Chilenismos Dictionary & Phrasebook
Spanish    Paperback      ISBN: 0781810620

Chile is known for having created an enormous amount of distinct words and expressions. Consequently, the Spanish spoken in Chile is frequently indiscernible to gringos and native Spanish speakers alike. This dictionary and phrasebook collects over 1,500 of these terms and idioms, known as "Chilenismos," and expresses them in simple English. The book also explores the roots of Chilenismos and explains the grammatical constructions and idiosyncratic speech patterns particular to Chileans. This is an ideal guide for tourists, businesspeople, and anyone who plans to spend time in Chile.

Colloquial Amharic
Colloquial Amharic
Paperback      ISBN: 1138949620

Colloquial Amharic: The Complete Course for Beginners has been carefully developed by an experienced teacher to provide a step-by-step course to French as it is written and spoken today.

Combining a clear, practical and accessible style with a methodical and thorough treatment of the language, it equips learners with the essential skills needed to communicate confidently and effectively in Amharic in a broad range of situations. No prior knowledge of the language is required. Colloquial Amharic is exceptional; each unit presents a wealth of grammatical points that are reinforced with a wide range of exercises for regular practice. A full answer key, a grammar summary, bilingual glossaries and English translations of dialogues can be found at the back as well as useful vocabulary lists throughout.

Key features include:

A clear, user-friendly format designed to help learners progressively build up their speaking, listening, reading and writing skills

Jargon-free, succinct and clearly structured explanations of grammar

An extensive range of focused and dynamic supportive exercises

Realistic and entertaining dialogues covering a broad variety of narrative situations

Helpful cultural points explaining the customs and features of life in Ethiopia.

An overview of the sounds of Amharic

Balanced, comprehensive and rewarding, Colloquial Amharic is an indispensable resource both for independent learners and students taking courses in Amharic.

Audio material to accompany the course is available to download free in MP3 format from www.routledge.com/cw/colloquials. Recorded by native speakers, the audio material features the dialogues and texts from the book and will help develop your listening and pronunciation skills. Additional information on writing the Amharic script can also be found here.

Colloquial and Literary Latin
Colloquial and Literary Latin
Paperback      ISBN: 1107684412

What is colloquial Latin? What can we learn about it from Roman literature, and how does an understanding of colloquial Latin enhance our appreciation of literature? This book sets out to answer such questions, beginning with examinations of how the term 'colloquial' has been used by linguists and by classicists (and how its Latin equivalents were used by the Romans) and continuing with exciting new research on colloquial language in a wide range of Latin authors. Each chapter is written by a leading expert in the relevant area, and the material presented includes new editions of several texts. The Introduction presents the first account in English of developments in the study of colloquial Latin over the last century, and throughout the book findings are presented in clear, lucid, and jargon-free language, making a major scholarly debate accessible to a broad range of students and non-specialists.

Colloquial Basque: A Complete Language Course
Colloquial Basque
A Complete Language Course
Paperback      ISBN: 1138958115

Colloquial Basque: The Complete Course for Beginners has been carefully developed by an experienced teacher to provide a step-by-step course to Basque as it is written and spoken today.

Combining a clear, practical and accessible style with a methodical and thorough treatment of the language, it equips learners with the essential skills needed to communicate confidently and effectively in Basque in a broad range of situations. No prior knowledge of the language is required. Colloquial Basque is exceptional; each unit presents a wealth of grammatical points that are reinforced with a wide range of exercises for regular practice. A full answer key, a grammar summary, bilingual glossaries and English translations of dialogues can be found at the back as well as useful vocabulary lists throughout.

Key features include:

  • A clear, user-friendly format designed to help learners progressively build up their speaking, listening, reading and writing skills
  • Jargon-free, succinct and clearly structured explanations of grammar
  • An extensive range of focused and dynamic supportive exercises
  • Realistic and entertaining dialogues covering a broad variety of narrative situations
  • Helpful cultural points explaining the customs and features of life in n the Basque countryAn overview of the sounds of Basque
  • Balanced, comprehensive and rewarding, Colloquial Basque is an indispensable resource both for independent learners and students taking courses in Basque.

Audio material to accompany the course is available to download free in MP3 format from www.routledge.com/cw/colloquials. Recorded by native speakers, the audio material features the dialogues and texts from the book and will help develop your listening and pronunciation skills.

Colloquial Icelandic: The Complete Course for Beginners
Colloquial Icelandic
The Complete Course for Beginners
2nd Edition    Paperback      ISBN: 1138949736

Colloquial Icelandic provides a step-by-step course in Icelandic as it is written and spoken today. Combining a user-friendly approach with a thorough treatment of the language, it equips learners with the essential skills needed to communicate confidently and effectively in Icelandic in a broad range of situations. No prior knowledge of the language is required.

Key features include:

  • progressive coverage of speaking, listening, reading and writing skills
  • structured, jargon-free explanations of grammar
  • an extensive range of focused and stimulating exercises
  • realistic and entertaining dialogues covering a broad variety of scenarios
  • useful vocabulary lists throughout the text
  • additional resources available at the back of the book, including a full answer key, a grammar summary, bilingual glossaries and English translations of dialogues.

This second edition has been extensively updated and revised throughout, and includes up-to-date cultural information, an enhanced index, an expanded glossary and completely new audio recordings.

Balanced, comprehensive and rewarding, Colloquial Icelandic will be an indispensable resource both for independent learners and for students taking courses in Icelandic.

Audio material to accompany the course is available to download free in MP3 format from www.routledge.com/cw/colloquials. Recorded by native speakers, the audio material features the dialogues and texts from the book and will help develop your listening and pronunciation skills.

By the end of this course, you will be at Level B2 of the Common European Framework for Languages and at the Intermediate-High on the ACTFL proficiency scales.