European History, General
Memory and the Mediterranean
Hardcover ISBN: 0375404260
A chronicle of the Mediterranean by the late historian ranges from the early geology of the region through the rise and fall of the great ancient civilizations--the Phoenicians, Etruscans, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, and Mesopotamians--that survived and thrived to transform world history and culture. 25,000 first printing.
Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945
Hardcover ISBN: 0684810271
Based on recently released documents, one of the nation's most celebrated historians reveals one of the little-known secrets of World War II--FDR's and Truman's sometimes shocking plans for a postwar Germany.
The Path of Sexual Initiation
Paperback ISBN: 0892817712
A comprehensive examination of the rituals and philosophies that created and sustained medieval troubadour culture â€¢ Debunks the myth of the platonic nature of courtly love, showing the many sexual similarities to the Tantric practices of India â€¢ Reveals how the roots of courtly love go back to the matriarchal cultures of neolithic times The widespread turmoil that shook Western Europe as it entered the new millennium with the year 1000 prompted a vast reevaluation of the chief tenets of society. Foremost among these was a new way of looking at love and the place held by women in society. The Christian-inspired tradition that at best viewed women with contempt--and often with outright fear and loathing--was replaced by a new perspective, one in which women enjoyed a central role as the inspiration for all male action. For several hundred years courtly love, with its emphasis on adultery, carnal pleasures, and the power of the feminine, dominated European culture despite its flouting of conventional Christian morality. Medieval historians by and large have tended to regard courtly love as a sterile parlor game for the upper classes. To the contrary, Jean Markale shows that the stakes were much higher: the roots of the ritual re-created here go all the way back to the great mother goddess. In addition, the platonic nature attributed to these relationships is based on a misunderstanding of courtly love; underneath the refined poetry of the troubadours' verses flourished a system of sexual initiation that rivaled Indian Tantra.
THE WORLD OF THE WARRIOR-HEROES OF ANCIENT GREECE
Paperback ISBN: 1400078857
Profiles the culture and civilization of the Spartans of ancient Greece, detailing the lives of such figures as King Leonidas, Helen of Troy, and Lysander, and considering how their achievements, values, and standards have impacted history's perspectives on heroism. Reprint. 20,000 first printing.
The Great Pox
The French Disease in Renaissance Europe
Hardcover ISBN: 0300069340
A weighty study exploring the impact of the French Disease (also known as The Great Pox or syphilis to later generations) in renaissance Europe. The medical history concentrates on the reactions of the doctors and others to the "new" disease, particularly in Italy but with comparisons to other part of Europe, identifies patients from the vast archives of charitable and sanitary institutions, and follows the development of confusion among the intellectual elite as the disease threw accepted medical theory out the window. Includes illustrations. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
State Capitalism and Working-Class Radicalism in the French Aircraft Industry
Paperback ISBN: 0520071255
In the 1950s and 1960s France experienced an economic miracle. As the state's role expanded with efforts to create a more modern economy, however, labor relations remained more volatile and workers more radical than elsewhere in western Europe. Herrick Chapman argues in this important new book that state capitalism and working-class radicalism went hand-in-hand and that both have antecedents in the tumultuous events of the 1930s and 1940s. The author focuses on a key industry--aviation--which held center stage in France from the Great Depression to the Cold War. While manufacturers and state officials struggled to modernize, the aviation industry became a bastion of the Communist Party and an arena of combat where workers, employers, and officials promoted competing visions of industrial reform. This gave rise to a new environment where state intervention and working-class radicalism became mutually reinforcing, and by the postwar era a peculiarly contentious form of industrial politics had become firmly entrenched. Using local and national archives, the author analyzes not only how an industry transformed but also how people reacted to the Popular Front, the defeat of 1940, the Nazi Occupation, and the onset of the Cold War. He also sheds light on such central themes in modern French history as the style of entrepreneurship, the sources of state interventionism, the response of workers to technological change and the nature of the Communist movement.
Capital of the World
Hardcover ISBN: 0674008871
A cultural study of Paris from the mid-eighteenth century to World War II portrays the city as a capital of revolution, science, empire, literature, and art, examining the area in different times and from various perspectives to consider its perpetually shifting urban dynamics. (History)