Gustav Stickley (1858-1942) -- leader of the American Arts and Crafts Movement, publisher of The Craftsman, writer, innovator, and famous furniture manufacturer -- created designs for a new form of American home. Based on beauty, simplicity, utility, and organic harmony, these designs were to have lasting impression on the shape, look, feel, and rationale of American domestic architecture.
Many of the features advocated by Stickley exist today: split-levels, semi-partitions, an integration of structure with natural surroundings, and the primacy of form following function. Here, in 345 crisp black-and-white illustrations, are 78 authentic Mission style dwellings. These are the plans that Stickley himself approved -- reprinted directly from the original 1912 publications -- and include illustrations of the exteriors and interiors, floor plans, elevations, structural suggestions, landscape designs, and Stickley's own inimitable comments.
Deeply influenced by the English Arts and Crafts Movement, especially the writings of John Ruskin and William Morris, Stickley rebelled against the outmoded architectural traditions of the Victorian age. Instead of creating rooms that were a series of separate cells, he proposed letting one living area flow smoothly into the other; instead of imitating the styles of 19th-century Europe, he proposed an original and vital American style, all the while searching for a new vocabulary of exterior and interior design. His method was the simplification of architectural space and the elimination of superfluous ornamentation; his aim was a harmonious blend of utility, economy, and aesthetics.
The ideal of the Craftsman home was an honest and beautiful building, well planned for efficient use of space and materials, built to last several generations, and within the means of the average family. Craftsman architecture adhered to four basic principles: a style of building suited to the ways people actually lived; having the best structural outline and the simplest form; made from materials that belong to the countryside in which the house was built and in harmony with the landscape; and rendered in colors that please and cheer. For Stickley, the true beauty of a building was not a matter of decoration -- a something to be added -- but was inherent in the very lines and masses of the structure itself.
This excellent republication of Gustav Stickley's More Craftsman Homes affords a fresh look at an influential and thoroughly American style of design and construction. Today's architects, designers, decorators, and collectors of Americana will find in the text and illustrations of this volume sufficient information and insight to appreciate the Craftsman home, the Craftsman idea, and that innovative spirit who made it possible, Gustav Stickley.
This book, drawn from the Archiv’s extensive collection, traces this monumental movement in art and architecture via the work of its most important proponents, including Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee.
"Architecture is an all-embracing adventure without end," declares Dan Cruickshank in the introduction to A History of Architecture in 100 Buildings.
Cruickshank's selection represents key moments in architectural history and it is truly global in scope. It includes many of the world's best-known structures, and many less obvious ones, the unsung heroes of this great and fascinating story. Having visited most of the featured buildings himself, his book is both authoritative and intimate.
From the evocative remains of ancient civilizations to towering New York skyscrapers, Cruickshank's A History of Architecture in 100 Buildings is organized in seven themes. Examples are:
- Pioneers -- Pantheon (Rome), National Library (Paris), Flatiron Building (New York), Norkomfin Housing (Moscow), Casa Malaparte (Capri)
- Buildings of Vision -- Sculpture, Gate of Lions (Greece), Krak des Chevaliers (Syria), Maori Meeting House (New Zealand), Assembly Buildings (Bangladesh), Moscow Metro (Russia)
- Follies -- Bishop's Castle (Colorado), Falling Water (Pennsylvania), Sagrada Familia (Barcelona)
- Ancient, Lost and Disappearing Worlds -- Uruk (Iraq), Mud City of Chan Chan (Peru), Mesa Verde (Colorado), R.F. Scott's Hut (Antarctica), Oratory of Gallerus (Ireland)
- Scale: Where Size Matters -- Burj Khalif (Dubai), Crystal Island Complex (Moscow), Towers Of San Gimignano (Italy), Pyramid of the Sun and Ciudadela (Teotihuacan, Mexico), Ulm Minster (Germany)
- Rhetoric and Meaning -- Ise Inner Shrine (Japan), Christ in the Attic (Amsterdam), Taj Mahal (India), Crystal Island Complex (Russia), The Palace of Ctesiphon (Iraq)
- Survivals and Revivals -- Slave Cabins (New Orleans), Catherine Palace (Russia), Carcassonne (France) Watson's Hotel (Mumbai), Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia).
Architects, historians, travelers and inquisitive readers will enjoy this beautiful, sumptuously illustrated book.
This book examines the environmental, historical, and social factors that influence the housing forms of more than half the world's population, presenting in-depth information concerning the distinctive character of dwelling structures themselves.
A cognitive history of the emergence of modern architecture. Cutting across disciplinarian and institutional divisions as we know them today, this book reconstructs developments within the framework of a cognitive history of the past. Modern is here taken to mean the radical re-thinking of architecture from the end of the tenth century in Europe to the end of the eighteenth century. Among the key debates that mark the period are those that oppose tradition to innovation, canon to discovery, geometrical formality to natural picturesqueness, the functional to the hedonistic.
Ideal Cities presents a vast panorama spanning more than two millennia of Western attempts to invent the perfect city, cradle of the ideal society. Embracing not only architecture and town planning but also art, literature, philosophy and politics, this book takes us through the imaginary environments of a wide variety of fascinating and often controversial movements and figures, including Plato, Filtrete, Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas More, Thomas Jefferson, Claude-Nicolas Ledoux, Charles Fourier, Etienne Cabet, Robert Owen, William Morris, Ebenezer Howard, Bruno Taut, Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, the European Situationists, the Japanese Metabolists, Archigram, Superstudio and many more. In this richly illustrated book, the author explores the ability of ideal cities to stimulate reflection and change, and suggests under what conditions they might continue to exercise their vital function in relation to the urban environment of the future. The ideal cities presented by Ruth Eaton exist for the most part in the virtual domain of ideas, treading the fine line between dream and nightmare. While it is true that notorious attempts to cross the border to reality have greatly discredite
This remarkable volume tells the unique history of modernism as reflected in the teaching of architecture, landscape architecture, and city planning at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design. Tracing developments at the GSD, which was home from 1937 to 1952 of Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius, Anthony Alofsin reveals that America had initiated its own modern agenda before the arrival of the European modernist ideology. Filled with archival photographs and plans that have never been published before, this book will be of great interest to students and professionals in the fields of art, architecture, and design, as well as to architectural historians.
The rivalry between the brilliant seventeenth-century Italian architects Gianlorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini is the stuff of legend. Possessed of enormous talent and ambition, these two artists -- one trained as a sculptor, the other as a stonecutter -- met as contemporaries in the building yards of St. Peter's in Rome and ended their lives as bitter enemies. Over the course of their careers they became the most celebrated architects of their era, designing some of the most beautiful buildings in the world and transforming the city of Rome.
The Genius in the Design is an extraordinary tale of how these two men plotted, schemed, and intrigued to get the better of each other. Full of dramatic tension and great insight into personalities, acclaimed writer Jake Morrissey's engrossing and impeccably researched account also shows that this legendary rivalry defined the Baroque style that immediately succeeded the Renaissance and created the spectacular Roman cityscape of today.
Almost exactly the same age -- Bernini was born at the end of 1598, Borromini nine months later -- they were as alike and as different as any two men could be, each a potent combination of passion and enterprise, energy and imperfection. Bernini was a precocious talent who as a youth caught the attention of Pope Paul V and became Rome's most celebrated artist, whose patrons included the wealthiest families in Europe. The city's greatest sculptor -- the creator of such masterpieces as Apollo and Daphne and the Ecstasy of St. Teresa -- Bernini would also have been Rome's preeminent architect had it not been for Francesco Borromini, the one man whose talent and virtuosity rivaled his own. In contrast to Bernini's easy grace, Borromini was an introvert with a fiery temper who bristled when anyone interfered with his vision; his temperament alienated him from prospective patrons and precipitated his tragic end.
Like Mozart and Salieri, these two masters were inextricably linked, their dazzling work prodding the other to greater achievement while taking merciless advantage of each other's missteps. The Genius in the Design is their story, a fascinating narrative of beauty and tragedy marked at turns by personal animosity and astonishing artistic achievement.
"A winning book, a pleasure to read...a revelation about what architects actually do and how they go about doing it." -Los Angeles TimesWitold Rybezynski takes us on an extraordinary odyssey as he tells the story of designing and building of his own house. Rybezynski's project began as a workshed; through a series of "happy accidents," however, the structure gradually evolved into a full-fledge house. In tracing this evolution, he touches on matters both theoretical and practical, writing on such diverse topics as the distinguished structural descendants of the humble barn, the ritualistic origins of the elements of classical architecture, and the connections between dress and habitation, and between architecture and gastronomy. Rybezynski discusses feng shui, the Chinese art of placing a home in the landscape, and also considers the theories and work of such architects as Palladio, Le Corbusier, and Frank Lloyd Wright. An eloquent examination of the links between being and building, The Most Beautiful House in the World offers insights into the joys of "installing ourselves in a place, of establishing a spot where it be safe to dream."
From the grand boulevard of Summit Avenue to the gleaming State Capitol, from the warehouses of University Avenue to the postwar neighborhoods in Highland Park, St. Paul, Minnesota, is a city blessed with an extraordinary architectural heritage. In St. Paul's Architecture, Jeffrey A. Hess and Paul Clifford Larson portray the city's distinct history and character through the evolution of its architecture. Starting with the buildings that defined St. Paul's founding in the 1840s, through the great construction boom of the mid-1880s, to the stylish and artistic work of Period Revival architects in the 1920s and 1930s and the rise of modernism after World War II, the authors showcase the city's rich architectural heritage. Concluding the exploration, the book's final chapter sheds light on the architecture of present-day St. Paul. St. Paul's Architecture presents more than 225 notable surviving buildings and the history of several neighborhoods of the city. With many historical photographs and illustrations, this engaging book is a valuable resource not only for those interested in architectural heritage but also for anyone who admires St. Paul's unique beauty and charm. Jeffrey A. Hess is a cultural historian who writes about the evolution of the American landscape. He recently retired from the historical consulting firm of Hess, Roise and Company. Paul Clifford Larson is a public historian and historic building consultant. He is the author of Minnesota Architect: The Life and Work of Clarence H. Johnston, Icy Pleasures: Minnesota Celebrates Winter, and A Place at the Lake. Published in cooperation with the City of St. Paul Heritage Preservation Commission.