Metaphors We Live by
Paperback ISBN: 0226468011
The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.
Made in America
An Informal History of the English Language in the United States
Hardcover ISBN: 068810312x
The author of Mother Tongue offers an affectionate and informative look at the origins of American English, including why strippers' apparel is called a G-string and what--or who--is the real McCoy. 75,000 first printing. $75,000 ad/promo. Tour.
Language and Lunacy
Paperback ISBN: 0156007517
Serendipities is a careful unraveling of the fabulous and the false, a brilliant exposition of how unanticipated truths often spring from false ideas. From Leibniz's belief that the I Ching illustrated the principles of calculus to Marco Polo's mistaking a rhinoceros for a unicorn, Umberto Eco offers a dazzling tour of intellectual history, illuminating the ways in which we project the familiar onto the strange to make sense of the world. Uncovering layers of mistakes that have shaped human history, Eco offers with wit and clarity such instances as Columbus's voyage to the New World, the fictions that grew around the Rosicrucians and Knights Templar, and the linguistic endeavors to recreate the language of Babel, to show how serendipities can evolve out of mistakes. With erudition, anecdotes, and scholarly rigor, this new collection of essays is sure to entertain and enlighten any reader with a passion for the curious history of languages and ideas.
The Language Instinct
Trade Paperback ISBN: 0060976519
Building a bridge between "innatists" and "social interactionists," a researcher contends that the capacity for language is wired into our brains by evolution and examines the relationship between words and thoughts, the proliferation of language, and the "language mavens."
Thought and Language
Paperback ISBN: 0262720019
Since it was introduced to the English-speaking world in 1962, Lev Vygotsky's highlyoriginal exploration of human mental development has become recognized as a classic foundationalwork of cognitive science. Vygotsky analyzes the relationship between words and consciousness,arguing that speech is social in its origins and that only as children develop does it becomeinternalized verbal thought.Now Alex Kozulin has created a new edition of the original MIT Presstranslation by Eugenia Hanfmann and Gertrude Vakar that restores the work's complete text and addsmaterials that will help readers better understand Vygotsky's meaning and intentions. Kozulin hasalso contributed an introductory essay that offers new insight into the author's life, intellectualmilieu, and research methods.Lev S. Vygotsky (1896-1934) studied at Moscow University and acquiredin his brief lifespan a nearly encyclopedic knowledge of the social sciences, psychology,philosophy, linguistics, literature, and the arts. He began his systematic work in psychology at theage of 28, and within a few years formulated his theory of the development of specifically humanhigher mental functions. He died of tuberculosis ten years later, and Thought and Language waspublished posthumously in 1934.Alex Kozulin studied at the Moscow Institute of Medicine and theMoscow Institute of Psychology, where he began his investigation of Vygotsky and the history ofSoviet psychology. He emigrated in 1979 and is now Associate Professor of Psychiatry (Psychology) atBoston University. He is the author of Psychology in Utopia: Toward a Social History of SovietPsychology (MIT Press 1984).
The Story of English in 100 Words
Hardcover ISBN: 1250003466
The world's foremost expert on the English language takes us on an entertaining and eye-opening tour of the history of our vernacular through the ages. In this entertaining history of the world’s most ubiquitous language, David Crystal draws on one hundred words that best illustrate the huge variety of sources, influences and events that have helped to shape our vernacular since the first definitively English word—‘roe’—was written down on the femur of a roe deer in the fifth century. Featuring ancient words (‘loaf’), cutting edge terms that relfect our world (‘twittersphere’), indispensible words that shape our tongue (‘and’, ‘what’), fanciful words (‘fopdoodle’) and even obscene expressions (the "c word"...), David Crystal takes readers on a tour of the winding byways of our language via the rude, the obscure and the downright surprising.