Cost and Standard of Living
American Living Standards: Threats and Challenges
American Living Standards
Threats and Challenges
Paperback      ISBN: 0815752733

American Living Standards contends that the central problem of the U.S. economy has been for some years now, and for the foreseeable future will continue to be, the slowdown in the growth of living standards. This decline began in the early 1970s, was masked by a resort to overseas borrowing in the early 1980s, and now threatens to get worse in the years immediately ahead as the foreign debt bills come due. The editors and contributes to this volume seek to advance our understanding of the causes and consequences of this potential slowdown in the growth of living standards. Equally important, the book examines what policy measure holds out the best hope for presenting, or at the very least, minimizing this slowdown. Various chapters explore the changes in the level and distribution of incomes that have occurred in recent years; changes in the quality and distribution of jobs among industries and regions; what economists do and do not know about recent trends in productivity growth and in the quality of education; and what events could trigger a recession.

Living on Your Own: The Complete Guide to Setting Up Your Money, Your Space, and Your Life
Living on Your Own
The Complete Guide to Setting Up Your Money, Your Space, and Your Life
Paperback      ISBN: 1610352122

Striking out on your own after a lifetime of living with your parents is equal parts exhilarating and intimidating, but most of all, it is awkward. There is so much that people expect you to know that no one ever bothered to tell you--stuff you actually need to know to avoid bankrupting yourself through overspending, poisoning yourself with bad cooking, or drowning in a rising tide of dirty dishes and unwashed laundry. But you don't have to learn all this the hard way. "Living On Your Own: The Complete Guide to Setting Up Your Money, Your Space and Your Life" is the cheat sheet to help you take your first steps into adulthood with confidence. Whether you're moving into a college dorm or into post-college life, "Living On Your Own" gives you money-, time-, and trouble-saving tips, shortcuts, and lifehacks to make your transition smoother. Covering everything from the basics of budgeting to home cooking on the cheap to how to not catch an STD, "Living On Your Own" is an invaluable road-map to early adulthood.

A Living Wage: Notes of an Outsider in Nepal
A Living Wage
Notes of an Outsider in Nepal
Hardcover      ISBN: 0801433576

The fight for a living wage has a long and revealing history as documented here by Lawrence B. Glickman. The labor movement's response to wages shows how American workers negotiated the transition from artisan to consumer, opening up new political possibilities for organized workers and creating contradictions that continue to haunt the labor movement today.Nineteenth-century workers hoped to become self-employed artisans, rather than permanent wage slaves. After the Civil War, however, unions redefined working-class identity in consumerist terms, and demanded a wage that would reward workers commensurate with their needs as consumers. This consumerist turn in labor ideology also led workers to struggle for shorter hours and union labels.First articulated in the 1870s, the demand for a living wage was voiced increasingly by labor leaders and reformers at the turn of the century. Glickman explores the racial, ethnic, and gender implications, as white male workers defined themselves in contrast to African Americans, women, Asians, and recent European immigrants. He shows how a historical perspective on the concept of a living wage can inform our understanding of current controversies.

A Living Wage: Notes of an Outsider in Nepal
A Living Wage
Notes of an Outsider in Nepal
Paperback      ISBN: 0801486149

The fight for a living wage has a long and revealing history as documented here by Lawrence B. Glickman. The labor movement's response to wages shows how American workers negotiated the transition from artisan to consumer, opening up new political possibilities for organized workers and creating contradictions that continue to haunt the labor movement today.Nineteenth-century workers hoped to become self-employed artisans, rather than permanent wage slaves. After the Civil War, however, unions redefined working-class identity in consumerist terms, and demanded a wage that would reward workers commensurate with their needs as consumers. This consumerist turn in labor ideology also led workers to struggle for shorter hours and union labels.First articulated in the 1870s, the demand for a living wage was voiced increasingly by labor leaders and reformers at the turn of the century. Glickman explores the racial, ethnic, and gender implications, as white male workers defined themselves in contrast to African Americans, women, Asians, and recent European immigrants. He shows how a historical perspective on the concept of a living wage can inform our understanding of current controversies.

Standard of Living: The Measure of the Middle Class in Modern America
Standard of Living
The Measure of the Middle Class in Modern America
Paperback      ISBN: 0801889731

Coined in 1902, the term "standard of living" grew popular in early twentieth-century America. Though its exact definition remained ambiguous, it most often reflected the middle class and material comfort. The term was not a precise measure of how people lived. Instead, it embodied the ideal of how middle-class Americans wanted to live. With increasing wages and the mass production of consumer goods, the standard of living became an important expression of the shared national culture that emerged in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. But what material and social components constituted this standard? Who decided what they were and how they were to be promoted?

In Standard of Living, Marina Moskowitz explores these questions, focusing on the relationship between middle-class identity and material culture through four case studies. In one, she examines the incorporation of silverplate flatware into the daily rituals of American life. Mass production made this former luxury item affordable, while advertising, etiquette books, and home advice columns stressed its value as a family heirloom and confirmed its place in the middle-class dining room. Moskowitz then turns her attention to the bathroom and the proliferation of indoor sanitation, bathroom fixtures, and a hygiene industry equally interested in profits and public health. Home ownership contributed an essential element of this standard, and Moskowitz next charts the mail-order home industry, which sold not just kit houses but also the very idea of owning a home. Concluding with a look at zoning and urban planning as a means of fostering and protecting the standard of living for whole communities, this book offers important evidence of and fresh insights into the history of the American middle class.

The Theory of the Cost-Of-Living Index
The Theory of the Cost-Of-Living Index
Hardcover      ISBN: 0195058704

Providing a valuable resource for government economists, academics, and research libraries, this volume contains twelve papers by Robert Pollak--four previously unpublished--that explore the theory of the cost of living index. In addition to Pollak's classic paper, The Theory of the Cost of Living Index, the volume includes papers on subindexes, the intertemporal cost of living index, welfare comparisons and equivalence scales, the social cost of living index, the treatment of quality, and consumer durables in the cost of living index.