History of Philosophy
How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages
Paperback ISBN: 0156030098
Traces the rediscovery and translation of the works of Aristotle at the height of the Dark Ages, chronicling the rapid spread of the intellectual's philosophies and the ensuing backlash on the part of the Catholic Church.
From Common Curiosity to Logical Reasoning
Hardcover ISBN: 0198822510
What are philosophers trying to achieve? How can they succeed? Does philosophy make progress? Is it in competition with science, or doing something completely different, or neither? In Doing Philosophy,Timothy Williamson tackles some of the key questions surrounding philosophy in new and provocative ways, showing how philosophy begins in common sense curiosity, and develops through our capacity to dispute rationally with each other. Discussing philosophy's ability to clarify our thoughts, he explains why such clarification depends on the development of philosophical theories, and how those theories can be tested by imaginative thought experiments, and compared against each other by standards similar to those used in the natural and social sciences. He also shows how logical rigor can be understood as a way of enhancing the explanatory power of philosophical theories. Drawing on the history of philosophy to provide a track record of philosophical thinking's successes and failures, Williams overturns widely held dogmas about the distinctive nature of philosophy in comparison to the sciences, demystifies its methods, and considers the future of the discipline. From thought experiments, to deduction, to theories, this little book will cause you to totally rethink what philosophy is.
The Examined Life
Readings from Western Philosophy from Plato to Kant
1st Edition Hardcover ISBN: 0375405011
A comprehensive introduction to western philosophy incorporates excerpts and other primary source material from the writings of important philosophers and thinkers, ranging from Aristotle to Hume, in a thoughtprovoking anthology arranged according to such disciplines as the Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics, and Art and Aesthetics.
Lectures At The College De France, 1974-1975
Paperback ISBN: 0312424051
A second collection of lectures by the influential philosopher addresses the role of psychiatry in the modern criminal justice system, the theme of societal defense against criminals, how to define "abnormality" and "normality," and how to identify and categorize criminal behavior and perpetrators. Reprint. 15,000 first printing.
Against the Current
Essays in the History of Ideas
2nd Edition Paperback ISBN: 0691156107
In this outstanding collection of essays, Isaiah Berlin, one of the great thinkers of the twentieth century, discusses the importance of dissenters in the history of ideas--among them Machiavelli, Vico, Montesquieu, Herzen, and Sorel. With his unusual powers of imaginative re-creation, Berlin brings to life original minds that swam against the current of their times--and still challenge conventional wisdom. In a new foreword to this corrected edition, which also includes a new appendix of letters in which Berlin discusses and further illuminates some of its topics, noted essayist Mark Lilla argues that Berlin's decision to give up a philosophy fellowship and become a historian of ideas represented not an abandonment of philosophy but a decision to do philosophy by other, perhaps better, means. "His instinct told him," Lilla writes, "that you learn more about an idea as an idea when you know something about its genesis and understand why certain people found it compelling and were spurred to action by it." This collection of fascinating intellectual portraits is a rich demonstration of that belief.
Between Past and Future
Eight Exercises in Political Thought
Paperback ISBN: 0143104810
Arendt describes the loss of meaning of the traditional key words of politics: justice, reason, responsibility, virtue, glory. Through a series of eight exercises, she shows how we can redistill once more the vital essence of these concepts.
The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness
2nd Edition Hardcover ISBN: 0470674067
Featuring updates and revisions, the second edition of The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness offers a collection of readings that together represent a thorough survey of the nature of consciousness today. Chapters delve deeply into the wide variety of scientific and philosophical problems that arise from the study of consciousness-as well as the philosophical, cognitive, neuroscientific, and phenomenological approaches to solving them. Along with updates to existing scientific readings reflecting the latest research and data, this edition features 18 entirely new theoretical, empirical, and methodological chapters covering such areas as integrated information theory, the resurgence in panpsychism, the renewed interest in more sophisticated first-person methodologies for the investigation of conscious phenomenology, and many others. Susan Schneider is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Connecticut, a faculty member in the technology and ethics group at Yale's Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics and a member at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, NJ. Her work is on the nature of the self and mind, which she examines through issues in philosophy of mind, artificial intelligence (A.I.), metaphysics, astrobiology, epistemology, and neuroscience. Max Velmans is Emeritus Professor of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, and has been involved in consciousness studies for over 40 years. He has over 100 publications on this topic. He is a co-founder and former Chair of the Consciousness and Experiential Psychology Section of the British Psychological Society, and was responsible for the volume's scientific content.
A Brief History of Thought
A Philosophical Guide to Living
Paperback ISBN: 0062074245
A philosophy professor at the Sorbonne offers a history of Western thought, from the ancient Greeks to the Enlightenment and through the postmodern and deconstructionist periods, describing how religion and philosophy have melded and clashed throughout time. Original. 40,000 first printing.
Changing the Subject
Philosophy from Socrates to Adorno
1st Edition Hardcover ISBN: 0674545729
Ask a question and it is reasonable to expect an answer or a confession of ignorance. But a philosopher may defy expectations. Confronted by a standard question arising from a normal way of viewing the world, a philosopher may reply that the question is misguided, that to continue asking it is, at the extreme, to get trapped in a delusive hall of mirrors. According to Raymond Geuss, this attempt to bypass or undercut conventional ways of thinking, to escape from the hall of mirrors, represents philosophyat its best and most characteristic. To illustrate, Geuss explores the ideas of twelve philosophers who broke dramatically with prevailing wisdom, from Socrates and Plato in the ancient world to Wittgenstein and Adorno in our own. The result is a striking account of some of the most innovative and important philosophers in Western history and an indirect manifesto for how to pursue philosophy today. Geuss cautions that philosophers' attempts to break from convention do not necessarily make the world a better place. Montaigne's ideas may have been benign, but the fate of the views developed by, for instance, Augustine, Hobbes, and Nietzsche has been more varied. But in the act of provoking people to think differently, philosophers make clear that we are not fated to live within the often stifling systems of thought that we inherit. We can change the subject. A work of exceptional range, power, and originality, Changing the Subject manifests the precise virtues of philosophy that it identifies and defends.--
The Consequences of Ideas
Understanding the Concepts That Shaped Our World
Paperback ISBN: 1433563770
R. C. Sproul surveys historys greatest philosophers and thinkers, helping readers understand the ideas that have shaped the worldand continue to shape nearly everything we think and do.