Marine Pollution
How to Give Up Plastic: A Guide to Changing the World, One Plastic Bottle at a Time
How to Give Up Plastic
A Guide to Changing the World, One Plastic Bottle at a Time
Paperback      ISBN: 0143134337
An accessible guide to the changes we can all make--small and large--to rid our lives of disposable plastic and clean up the world's oceans

How to Give Up Plastic is a straightforward guide to eliminating plastic from your life. Going room by room through your home and workplace, Greenpeace activist Will McCallum teaches you how to spot disposable plastic items and find plastic-free, sustainable alternatives to each one. From carrying a reusable straw, to catching microfibers when you wash your clothes, to throwing plastic-free parties, you'll learn new and intuitive ways to reduce plastic waste. And by arming you with a wealth of facts about global plastic consumption and anecdotes from activists fighting plastic around the world, you'll also learn how to advocate to businesses and leaders in your community and across the country to commit to eliminating disposable plastics for good.

It takes 450 years for a plastic bottle to fully biodegrade, and there are around 12.7 million tons of plastic entering the ocean each year. At our current pace, in the year 2050 there could be more plastic in the oceans than fish, by weight. These are alarming figures, but plastic pollution is an environmental crisis with a solution we can all contribute to.
Chemical Spills and Emergency Management at Sea: Proceedings of the First International Conference on
Chemical Spills and Emergency Management at Sea
Proceedings of the First International Conference on "chemical Spills and Emergency Management at Sea
Paperback      ISBN: 9401068879

International shipping is of great importance for the transport of a great many types of cargo. Substances and products considered dangerous constitute almost 50% of all the payload. It is obvious that stringent regulations are required in order to minimize the risks of accidents. These regulations, which are derived from good practice and which are based on research, have been adopted by a great number of countries. However, emergencies do occur in spite of all precautions. Such emergencies require fast and adequate response in order to confine the consequences for man and his environment to a minimum. Emergency response has political, legal, financial and technical aspects. This makes decision making extremely difficult. The papers carefully prepared and assembled in this book present an up-to-date picture of today's achievements, knowledge and difficulties that are being faced. It was the intention of Oilchem Recovery Denmark and TNO to bring the wide scatter of aspects together in a joined perspective. We also intended to spread the information on latest developments among the many people who are involved in combating calamities and in particular in decision making. Finally, we hope that this conference may help all of us to come to a safer transport of chemicals and a better aquatic environment. We thank all the authors for their magnificent contribution.

Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution
Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution
Hardcover      ISBN: 9041111271
Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution deals with prescriptive and enforcement jurisdiction in international law aimed at preventing, reducing and controlling pollution of the marine environment. The focus is on a single source of pollution, viz. that by vessels, from the perspective of the coastal State. Prominent in the international legal framework of vessel-source pollution are the LOSC, regulatory conventions such as MARPOL 73/78 and SOLAS 74, and a multitude of other international instruments such as IMO Resolutions. This book complements their analysis with ample attention to individual state practice, for instance unilateral declarations, legislation, and actual exercises of enforcement. The considerable amount of state practice and up-to-date information on developments at IMO give insight into the way in which the LOSC legal regime of coastal State jurisdiction over vessel-source pollution operates in practice. The wide range of issues brought forward in this book illustrates the extremely complex, but equally fascinating character of coastal State jurisdiction over vessel-source pollution.
Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the Conference on Oil Pollution Organized Under the Auspices of the International Associa
Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems
Proceedings of the Conference on Oil Pollution Organized Under the Auspices of the International Associa
Hardcover      ISBN: 9024734894

A. Rorsch Member of the TNO Board of Management Like all living creatures man has from the very outset influenced the environment. Initially, the traces of human activity were hardly noticeable and so were their effects on the equilibrium of the ecosystem as such. However, as soon as man learned how to use tools, he was able to influence his surroundings more drastically, and to proliferate more rapidly. As a matter of fact that is the time when things went wrong, because a process was started off which was to continue with ever-increasing speed and on an ever- increasing scale. The present condition of nature as a result of the activities of mankind is generally known. Whether it is an accident with a nuclear plant or the vanishing of tropical rain forests, acid deposition or the pollution of soil, water and air, environmental disasters almost seem to be the order of the day. It is striking that with all these - more or less arbitrary - examples the provision of energy plays a role. In this respect one can add an even more important energy carrier to the list, namely: crude oil.

Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the Conference on Oil Pollution Organized Under the Auspices of the International Associa
Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems
Proceedings of the Conference on Oil Pollution Organized Under the Auspices of the International Associa
Paperback      ISBN: 9401080984

A. Rorsch Member of the TNO Board of Management Like all living creatures man has from the very outset influenced the environment. Initially, the traces of human activity were hardly noticeable and so were their effects on the equilibrium of the ecosystem as such. However, as soon as man learned how to use tools, he was able to influence his surroundings more drastically, and to proliferate more rapidly. As a matter of fact that is the time when things went wrong, because a process was started off which was to continue with ever-increasing speed and on an ever- increasing scale. The present condition of nature as a result of the activities of mankind is generally known. Whether it is an accident with a nuclear plant or the vanishing of tropical rain forests, acid deposition or the pollution of soil, water and air, environmental disasters almost seem to be the order of the day. It is striking that with all these - more or less arbitrary - examples the provision of energy plays a role. In this respect one can add an even more important energy carrier to the list, namely: crude oil.

Global Marine Pollution Bibliography: Ocean Dumping of Municipal and Industrial Wastes
Global Marine Pollution Bibliography
Ocean Dumping of Municipal and Industrial Wastes
Paperback      ISBN: 1468461435

This bibliography is an attempt to honor our fellow workers for their contributions to marine pollution as a scientific field. We also hope to increase the understanding and exchange of information from a global per- spective. For the sake of younger workers, we hope that this exchange will prevent duplication of effort, the sad "reinvention of knowledge." An ulterior motive of ours is to create a living bibliography by not only having this document available as a printed text, but also as references with abstracts on word processor discs, so that researchers, teachers, and managers can update and expand this bibliography in their own fields of interest. We hope to be able to find a distributor for these discs in the near future. To establish greater communication we had hoped to have an appendix with author's names and addresses; however, we found that we had less than half of the senior authors' current addresses. Therefore, for subsequent editions, we hope our fellow scientists will keep us informed of their work and current addresses, and will bring to our attention any errors or papers that we have inadvertently missed. Our aim is to produce another edition in three years.

Junk Raft: An Ocean Voyage and a Rising Tide of Activism to Fight Plastic Pollution
Junk Raft
An Ocean Voyage and a Rising Tide of Activism to Fight Plastic Pollution
Paperback      ISBN: 0807061727
An exciting account of a scientist's expedition across the Pacific on a home-made "junk raft" in order to learn more about plastic marine pollution

A scientist, activist, and inveterate adventurer, Eriksen and his co-navigator, Joel Paschal, construct a "junk raft" made of plastic trash and set themselves adrift from Los Angeles to Hawaii, with no motor or support vessel, confronting perilous cyclones, food shortages, and a fast decaying raft.

As Eriksen recounts his struggles to keep afloat, he immerses readers in the deep history of the plastic pollution crisis and the movement that has arisen to combat it. The proliferation of cheap plastic products during the twentieth century has left the world awash in trash. Meanwhile, the plastics industry, with its lobbying muscle, fights tooth and nail against any changes that would affect its lucrative status quo, instead defending poorly designed products and deflecting responsibility for the harm they cause.

But, as Eriksen shows, the tide is turning in the battle to save the world's oceans. He recounts the successful efforts that he and many other activists are waging to fight corporate influence and demand that plastics producers be held accountable. Junk Raft provides concrete, actionable solutions and an empowering message: it's within our power to change the throw-away culture for the sake of our planet.
Marine Organisms as Indicators
Marine Organisms as Indicators
Paperback      ISBN: 1461283345

The need for a volume dealing with the concept of indicator organisms became evident during a symposium on the subject, organized by the present editors for the Southern California Academy of Sciences. Ques- tions were posed about the appropriate uses of indicator organisms and the "rules" governing the application of the indicator concept to particular problems. For example, how does one distinguish true indicators from biological anomalies? What kinds of organisms can appropriately be associated with conditions and events at various scales in time and space? To what extent does one species represent other species in the same environmental setting? Can the indicator concept be applied to the context of modern sampling and analytical technology? How can anthropogenic perturbations be distinguished from natural phenomena? How can unlike matrices from differing data bases with differing scales best be matched? Such questions are especially pertinent in today's research environment. The use of indicator organisms, while certainly not new, is the corner- stone for much scientific research. In the past two decades, indicator organisms have played increasingly important roles in the development and implementation of public policy. In particular, indicator organisms are being used to describe local environments and natural or anthropogenic perturbations to them, although there are pitfalls and problems associated with those usages. A growing number of nonbiologists, including physical oceanographers, find indicator organisms helpful, and sometimes essential, to their re- search.

Marine Pollution: Diagnosis and Therapy
Marine Pollution
Diagnosis and Therapy
Paperback      ISBN: 3642681840

When, in 1966, the Gennan Research Society directed the attention of oceanographers in the Federal Republic of Ger- many to problems of marine pollution, I was not enthusiastic. Emphasis on this problem area meant that other important research plans had to be postponed. But the lectures at the Third International Oceanographic Congress, September 1970, in Tokyo, and at the FAO Conference on Marine Pollution and its Effects on Living Resources and Fishing, December 1970, in Rome, convinced me that research on problems of marine pollution is a social obligation, and that the oceanographer has to take a stand. I issued public warnings about the continuing use of pesticides and had to defend myself against protests by the fishing industry and many colleagues who were, in Novem- ber 1970, unaware of the extent of the threat. Thus, I was required by my profession to acquire an overview of the prob- lems of ocean pollution. In 1971 I only needed to familiarize myself with some one hundred bibliographical items. In the interim, the flood of data has risen dramatically, and in the year 1975, no fewer than 868 publications under the heading of "Marine Pollution" were reported (Table 1). It is, therefore, more and more diffi- cult to distinguish new results of scientific research from the many repetitions and variations, and I fear that from year to year my efforts to illustrate the actual status of the problem at a given moment will be subject to more gaps.

Marine Pollution: What Everyone Needs to Know(r)
Marine Pollution
What Everyone Needs to Know(r)
Paperback      ISBN: 0199996687

Marine pollution occurs today in varied forms--chemical, industrial, and agricultural-and the sources of pollution are endless. In recent history, we've seen oil spills, untreated sewage, eutrophication, invasive species, heavy metals, acidification, radioactive substances, marine litter, and overfishing, among other significant problems. Though marine pollution has long been a topic of concern, it has very recently exploded in environmental, economic, and political debate circles; scientists and non-scientists alike continue to be shocked and dismayed at the sheer diversity of water pollutants and the many ways they can come to harm our environment and our bodies.

In Marine Pollution: What Everyone Needs to Know, Judith Weis covers marine pollution from numerous angles, each fascinating in its own right. Beginning with its sources and history, she discusses common pollutants, why they are harmful, why they cause controversy, and how we can prevent them from destroying our aquatic ecosystems. Questions ask what actually happened with the Exxon Valdez, and why harmful algal blooms are a serious concern. Covering pollutants that are only now surfacing as major threats, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and metal nanoparticles, she explains how these can begin in the water and progress up the food chain to emerge in human bodies. Looking at the effects of climate change and acidification on marine pollution levels, we learn how we can begin to reduce pollution at the local and global levels.