Public Health Specific Aspects
'If You Knew the Conditions': A Chronicle of the Indian Medical Service and American Indian Health Care, 1908-1955
'If You Knew the Conditions'
A Chronicle of the Indian Medical Service and American Indian Health Care, 1908-1955
1st Edition    Hardcover      ISBN: 0739124455

After their sequestering on reservations across the West, American Indians suffered from appalling rates of disease and morbidity. While the United States Indian Service (Bureau of Indian Affairs) provided some services prior to 1908, it was not until then that the Indian Medical Service was established for the purpose of providing services to American Indians. Born in an era of assimilation and myths of vanishing Indians, the Indian Medical Service provided emergency and curative care with little forethought of preventive medicine. DeJong argues that the U.S. Congress provided little more than basic, curative treatment, and that this Congressional parsimony is reflected in the services (or lack thereof) provided by the Indian Medical Service. DeJong considers the mediocre results of the Indian Medical Service from a cultural perspective. He argues that, rather than considering a social conservation model of medicine, the Indian Service focused on curative medicine from a strictly Western perspective. This failure to appreciate the unique American Indian cultural norms and values associated with health and well-being led to a resistance from American Indians which seemingly justified parsimonious Congressional appropriations and initiated a cycle of benign neglect. "If You Knew the Conditions" examines the impact of the long-standing Congressional mandate of cultural assimilation, combined with the Congressional desire to abolish the Indian Service, on the degree and extent of disease in Indian Country.

'If You Knew the Conditions': A Chronicle of the Indian Medical Service and American Indian Health Care, 1908-1955
'If You Knew the Conditions'
A Chronicle of the Indian Medical Service and American Indian Health Care, 1908-1955
Paperback      ISBN: 0739124463

After their sequestering on reservations across the West, American Indians suffered from appalling rates of disease and morbidity. While the United States Indian Service (Bureau of Indian Affairs) provided some services prior to 1908, it was not until then that the Indian Medical Service was established for the purpose of providing services to American Indians. Born in an era of assimilation and myths of vanishing Indians, the Indian Medical Service provided emergency and curative care with little forethought of preventive medicine. DeJong argues that the U.S. Congress provided little more than basic, curative treatment, and that this Congressional parsimony is reflected in the services (or lack thereof) provided by the Indian Medical Service. DeJong considers the mediocre results of the Indian Medical Service from a cultural perspective. He argues that, rather than considering a social conservation model of medicine, the Indian Service focused on curative medicine from a strictly Western perspective. This failure to appreciate the unique American Indian cultural norms and values associated with health and well-being led to a resistance from American Indians which seemingly justified parsimonious Congressional appropriations and initiated a cycle of benign neglect. 'If You Knew the Conditions' examines the impact of the long-standing Congressional mandate of cultural assimilation, combined with the Congressional desire to abolish the Indian Service, on the degree and extent of disease in Indian Country.

Addiction Medicine
Addiction Medicine
Hardcover      ISBN: 1632427931

The medical specialty which deals with the treatment of addiction is known as addiction medicine. It often overlaps with other areas, like mental health counseling, public health, psychiatry, psychology, internal medicine, etc. Acute intervention, detoxification, abstinence-based treatment, rehabilitation, harm reduction and individual and group therapies, are some of the common therapies that fall under addiction medicine. Relapse prevention is an important aspect in the treatment of substance abuse, especially alcoholism. Supportive psychotherapy and interpersonal therapy are extremely effective treatments for substance abuse. This book unravels the recent studies in the field of addiction medicine. It includes some of the vital pieces of work being conducted across the world, on various topics related to addiction medicine. Doctors, researchers and students actively engaged in this field will find this book full of crucial and unexplored concepts.

Aging Well: Solutions to the Most Pressing Global Challenges of Aging
Aging Well
Solutions to the Most Pressing Global Challenges of Aging
1st Edition    Hardcover      ISBN: 9811321639
This open access book outlines the challenges of supporting the health and wellbeing of older adults around the world and offers examples of solutions designed by stakeholders, healthcare providers, and public, private and nonprofit organizations in the United States. The solutions presented address challenges including: providing person-centered long-term care, making palliative care accessible in all healthcare settings and the home, enabling aging-in-place, financing long-term care, improving care coordination and access to care, delivering hospital-level and emergency care in the home and retirement community settings, merging health and social care, supporting people living with dementia and their caregivers, creating communities and employment opportunities that are accessible and welcoming to those of all ages and abilities, and combating the stigma of aging. The innovative programs of support and care in Aging Well serve as models of excellence that, when put into action, move health spending toward a sustainable path and greatly contribute to the well-being of older adults.
Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society
Anthropology and Public Health
Bridging Differences in Culture and Society
2nd Edition    Paperback      ISBN: 0195374649

Many serious public health problems confront the world in the new millennium. Anthropology and Public Health examines the critical role of anthropology in four crucial public health domains: (1) anthropological understandings of public health problems such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and diabetes; (2) anthropological design of public health interventions in areas such as tobacco control and elder care; (3) anthropological evaluations of public health initiatives such as Safe Motherhood and polio eradication; and (4) anthropological critiques of public health policies, including neoliberal health care reforms. As the volume demonstrates, anthropologists provide crucial understandings of public health problems from the perspectives of the populations in which the problems occur. On the basis of such understandings, anthropologists may develop and implement interventions to address particular public health problems, often working in collaboration with local participants. Anthropologists also work as evaluators, examining the activities of public health institutions and the successes and failures of public health programs. Anthropological critiques may focus on major international public health agencies and their workings, as well as public health responses to the threats of infectious disease and other disasters. Through twenty-four compelling case studies from around the world, the volume provides a powerful argument for the imperative of anthropological perspectives, methods, information, and collaboration in the understanding and practice of public health. Written in plain English, with significant attention to anthropological methodology, the book should be required reading for public health practitioners, medical anthropologists, and health policy makers. It should also be of interest to those in the behavioral and allied health sciences, as well as programs of public health administration, planning, and management. As the single most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of anthropology's role in public health, this volume will inform debates about how to solve the world's most pressing public health problems at a critical moment in human history.

Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research
Bending Science
How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research
Paperback      ISBN: 0674047141

What do we know about the possible poisons that industrial technologies leave in our air and water? How reliable is the science that federal regulators and legislators use to protect the public from dangerous products? As this disturbing book shows, ideological or economic attacks on research are part of an extensive pattern of abuse.

Thomas O. McGarity and Wendy E. Wagner reveal the range of sophisticated legal and financial tactics political and corporate advocates use to discredit or suppress research on potential human health hazards. Scientists can find their research blocked, or find themselves threatened with financial ruin. Corporations, plaintiff attorneys, think tanks, even government agencies have been caught suppressing or distorting research on the safety of chemical products.

With alarming stories drawn from the public record, McGarity and Wagner describe how advocates attempt to bend science or "spin" findings. They reveal an immense range of tools available to shrewd partisans determined to manipulate research.

Bending Science exposes an astonishing pattern of corruption and makes a compelling case for reforms to safeguard both the integrity of science and the public health.

Big Food: Critical perspectives on the global growth of the food and beverage industry
Big Food
Critical perspectives on the global growth of the food and beverage industry
Paperback      ISBN: 1138309680

Obesity is a global public health problem of crucial importance. Obesity rates remain high in high-income countries and are rapidly increasing in low- and middle- income countries. Concurrently, the global consumption of unhealthy products, such as soft drinks and processed foods, continues to rise. The ongoing expansion of multinational food and beverage companies, or 'Big Food', is a key factor behind these trends.

This collection provides critical insight into the global expansion of 'Big Food', including its incursion into low-and-middle income countries. It examines the changing dynamics of the global food supply, and discusses how low-income countries can alter the 'Big Food'-diet from the bottom-up. It examines a number of issues related to 'Big Food' marketing strategies, including the way in which they advertise to youths and the rural poor. These issues are discussed in terms of their public health implications, and their relation to public health activities, for example 'soda taxes', and the promotion of nutritionally-healthier products. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Public Health.

Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness and Response to Disasters
Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness and Response to Disasters
1st Edition    Paperback      ISBN: 1449645194

From extreme weather events such as Superstorm Sandy, man-made tragedies like the Madrid train bombings, the threat of bioterrorism, and emerging infections such as the H1N1 pandemic flu, disasters are creating increasingly profound threats to health of populations around the globe. Through a presentation of 16 case studies, the authors examine the broad range of public health scenarios through the lens of emergency preparedness and planning. Designed for students across a wide spectrum of health and safety disciplines, this text uniquely demonstrates the application of public health preparedness competencies established by the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH). Key Features: - Presents 16 case studies on preparedness, from natural disasters to pandemic infection. - Demonstrates the application of the ASPH Public Health Preparedness competencies. - Makes an ideal complement to any text on disaster preparedness or public health leadership, or can be used as a standalone text. Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness is written by some of the best emergency preparedness and response professionals in the business; it is a must read for anyone who needs to prepare for or respond to an emergency." --Michael Osterholm Ph.D, MPH, Professor and Director, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota

Chancen Für Das Deutsche Gesundheitssystem: Von Partikularinteressen Zu Mehr Patientennutzen
Chancen Für Das Deutsche Gesundheitssystem
Von Partikularinteressen Zu Mehr Patientennutzen
German    Hardcover      ISBN: 3642256821

Die Kosten im deutschen Gesundheitssystem steigen, zugleich werden Qualit tsprobleme immer offensichtlicher - trotz aller Reformbem hungen. Die Autoren gehen davon aus, dass nicht Kostenkontrolle, sondern die Steigerung des Patientennutzens das Ziel ist, das alle Akteure vereinen kann. In zw lf Empfehlungen erkl ren sie, wie sich Leistungserbringer im Wettbewerb um Qualit t organisieren sollten, wie Krankenkassen eine aktivere Rolle spielen und das Verg tungssystem k nftig Exzellenz in der Versorgung einzelner Krankheitsbilder belohnen k nnte.

Clean Living Movements: American Cycles of Health Reform
Clean Living Movements
American Cycles of Health Reform
Paperback      ISBN: 027597541x

Over the past 200 years, a health reform movement has emerged about every 80 years. These clean living cycles surged with, or were tangential to, a religious awakening. Simultaneously with these awakenings, out groups such as immigrants and/or youth were seen to exhibit behaviors that undermined society. Middle class fear of these dangerous classes and a desire to eliminate disease, crime, and other perceived health or social problems led to crusades in each of the three reform eras against alcohol, tobacco, drugs, certain foods, and sexual behaviors. A backlash began to emerge from some segments of the population against reform efforts. After the dissipation of the activism phase, laws made during the reform era often became ignored or repealed. With a few exceptions, during the 30 to 40 year ebb of the cycle, the memory of the movement disappeared from public awareness.

The desire for improved health and social conditions also led to campaigns in favor of exercise, semi-vegetarian diets, women's rights, chastity, and eugenics. Engs describes the interweaving of temperance, women's rights, or religion with most health issues. Factions of established faiths emerged to fight perceived immorality, while alternative religions formed and adopted health reform as dogma. In the reform phase of each cycle, a new infectious disease threatened the population. Some alternative medical practices became popular that later were incorporated into orthodox medicine and public health. Ironically, over each succeeding movement, reformers became more likely to represent grass roots beliefs, or even to be state or federal officials, rather than independent activists.