Geology Specific Aspects
Devonian Paleoenvironments of Ohio
Paperback ISBN: 364234853x
Carbonate depositional systems in the Paleozoic geologic time represent fewer studies in paleoecological interactions than the siliciclastic systems. To evaluate this difference, the paleontology of the Middle Devonian Dundee Formation in Ohio has been explored. This geologic formation represents an important environment in the Michigan Basin of North America. Understanding biotic relationships such as mutualism, commensalism, parasitism and predation in an ecological community is important in unraveling the mystery of the fossil record. This research has contributed a large field collection which will be useful in documenting the fossil content of this unit for future workers. Rituparna Bose used new microscopic and imaging techniques in qualitatively analyzing the biotic interactions in small invertebrate shells. More importantly, she solved complex hypotheses in newly emerging problems in the field of geology and paleontology, such as the biodiversity crisis. Her study involved exploring the Devonian geology and paleontology of a geologic formation of a new unexplored quarry in Ohio, namely the Whitehouse Quarry in Lucas County, Ohio. She identified Devonian brachiopods to the genus level based on their morphology, and diagnosed paleoecological entities on host brachiopods and further measured episkeletobiont traces on hosts to understand the effects of environment and evolution on extinct species. Such studies have implications in predicting future biodiversity, ecosystem conservation and climate change. This research will also assist future workers to compare the ecology of brachiopod hosts of the Dundee Limestone with that of other Devonian brachiopods, from both carbonate and siliciclastic settings.
Distal Impact Ejecta Layers
A Record of Large Impacts in Sediment Deposits
Hardcover ISBN: 3540882618
Impact cratering is an important geological process on all solid planetary bodies, and, in the case of Earth, may have had major climatic and biological effects. Most terrestrial impact craters have been erased or modified beyond recognition. However, major impacts throw ejecta over large areas of the Earth's surface. Recognition of these impact ejecta layers can help fill in the gaps in the terrestrial cratering record and at the same time provide direct correlation between major impacts and other geological events, such as climatic changes and mass extinctions. This book provides the first summary of known distal impact ejecta layers.
Earth Science Mapping for Planning, Development and Conservation
Hardcover ISBN: 0860109895
Environmental or applied geology maps are an important means of communicating earth science background information to land-use and development planners, administrators, and policymakers. This volume reviews the current state of applied earth science mapping. Sections are devoted to mapping techniques, data handling, water, minerals, soils, hazards, construction, the interface with other types of mapping, and future trends. Each section has an introduction which gives enough background for non-specialists to appreciate the content. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.
Earth Surface Engineering and Technology
Hardcover ISBN: 1682860817
Earth surface engineering is an emerging field of study that incorporates concepts from different branches of earth science. This book traces the progress of this field and highlights some of its crucial aspects such as various processes shaping earth
Earthquake Hazard and Seismic Risk Reduction
Paperback ISBN: 9048154979
This volume contains selected and rigorously scrutinized presentations made at the Second International Conference on Earthquake Hazard and Seismic Risk Reduction held in Yerevan, Armenia, on 14-21 September 1998. The 46 contributions from authors from over 20 countries provide an overview of the achievements and experiences of different countries in disaster reduction since 1988. These contributions are presented in the volume in three parts, namely Disaster Reduction, Earthquake Hazards, and Earthquake Engineering. This book will help to shape the direction that international disaster prevention will take by identifying crucial program functions and essential institutional responsibilities in the field of disaster reduction after the IDNDR. Audience: This volume contains valuable information for seismologists, geophysicists, earth scientists, engineers, architects, and psychologists interested in earthquake hazard and seismic risk research. It is also useful for authorities responsible for public safety and natural hazards mitigation plans, and for insurance companies.
Earth’s Rotation from Eons to Days
Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research (Zif) of the University of Bielefeld, Frg. September 26–30, 1988
Paperback ISBN: 3642755895
Earth's Rotation from Eons to Days reviews long-term changes, methods of measurement, and the major influences on rotation parameters. In order to understand secular changes, the momentary behavior of ocean tides must be analyzed and appropriately modelled. Researchers and students in astronomy and all fields of geosciences will find a wealth of information related to the interaction of geophysical phenomena and the rotation of the planet Earth.
The Economic Geology of Iran
Mineral Deposits and Natural Resouces
Hardcover ISBN: 9400756240
One of the first English-language publications to offer a comprehensive assessment of Iran’s natural resources and mineral deposits, this volume contains more than 1000 references, and its contents have been meticulously verified by the author’s own surveys.