Geology Specific Aspects
A Deep Time Journey
Hardcover ISBN: 0393242145
The award-winning author of The Old Ways presents an exploration of the planet's underworlds as they exist in myth, literature, memory and geography, offering unsettling perspectives into whether or not humans are making the correct choices for Earth's future. Illustrations. Tour.
Advances in Hydrogeology
Hardcover ISBN: 1461464781
?This book represents different types of progress in hydrogeology, including conceptualization changes, different approaches to simulating groundwater flow and transport new hydrogeophysical methods. Each chapter extends or summarizes a recent development in hydrogeology, with forward-looking statements regarding the challenges and strengths that are faced. While the title and scope is broad, there are several sub-themes that connect the chapters. Themes include theoretical advances in conceptualization and modeling of hydrogeologic problems. Conceptual advances are further tempered by insights arising from observations from both field and laboratory work.?
Treasures of the Earth
Paperback ISBN: 1770856447
"Superbly done ... should be high on everyone's 'must have' list." --Rock and Gem Agates, the first popular guide to the brilliantly banded and highly prized gemstones, sold 7,000 copies in hardcover, no doubt for the glorious color photographs that capture collectors' enthusiasm for the stones' distinctive shapes and vivid colors. Agates is a comprehensive, easy-to-use identification guide and a worldwide listing of where they are found. The book describes: - Names of agates--mineralogical, geological, local, trade, trivial - Properties of agates--e.g., color, wall-banded, level-banded, cracked, thunder eggs - Sources of agates--e.g., eruptions, lava, sediment, limestone beds, and fissures - Lapidary--sawing, grinding, sanding, polishing - Imitations and forgeries of agates - Uses of agates through the ages, with beautiful photographs of artifacts and jewelry - Early writing and collections - Use of agates in science and technology - Collecting - National and regional maps showing agate-producing areas. Amateur gemologists and agate collectors alike will find this informative and beautifully illustrated book to be an indispensable resource.
The Asteroid Impact Connection of Planetary Evolution
With Special Reference to Large Precambrian and Australian Impacts
Paperback ISBN: 9400763271
When in 1981 Louis and Walter Alvarez, the father and son team, unearthed a tell-tale Iridium-rich sedimentary horizon at the 65 million years-old Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Gubbio, Italy, their find heralded a paradigm shift in the study of terrestrial evolution. Since the 1980s the discovery and study of asteroid impact ejecta in the oldest well-preserved terrains of Western Australia and South Africa, by Don Lowe, Gary Byerly, Bruce Simonson, Scott Hassler, the author and others, and the documentation of new exposed and buried impact structures in several continents, have led to a resurgence of the idea of the catastrophism theory of Cuvier, previously largely supplanted by the uniformitarian theory of Hutton and Lyell. Several mass extinction of species events are known to have occurred in temporal proximity to large asteroid impacts, global volcanic eruptions and continental splitting. Likely links are observed between asteroid clusters and the 580 Ma acritarch radiation, end-Devonian extinction, end-Triassic extinction and end-Jurassic extinction. New discoveries of ~3.5 – 3.2 Ga-old impact fallout units in South Africa have led Don Lowe and Gary Byerly to propose a protracted prolongation of the Late Heavy Bombardment (~3.95-3.85 Ga) in the Earth-Moon system. Given the difficulty in identifying asteroid impact ejecta units and buried impact structures, it is likely new discoveries of impact signatures are in store, which would further profoundly alter models of terrestrial evolution..
Brittle Deformation of Solid and Granular Materials With Applications to Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faults
Paperback ISBN: 3034802536
Earthquake fault zones exhibit hierarchical damage and granular structures with evolving geometrical and material properties. Understanding how repeated brittle deformation form the structures and how the structures affect subsequent earthquakes is a rich problem involving coupling of various processes that operate over broad space and time scales. The diverse state-of-the-art papers collected here show how insight can come from many fields including statistical physics, structural geology and rock mechanics at large scales; elasticity, friction and nonlinear continuum mechanics at intermediate scales; and fracture mechanics, granular mechanics and surface physics at small scales. This volume will be useful to students and professional researchers from Earth Sciences, Material Sciences, Engineering, Physics and other disciplines, who are interested in the properties of natural fault zones and the processes that occur between and during earthquakes.
Campbell's Atlas of Oil and Gas Depletion
2nd Edition Hardcover ISBN: 1461435757
Campbell's Atlas of Oil and Gas Depletion, Second Edition, is the product of a half-century of critical analysis and updating of data on the status of oil and gas depletion by country, region and the world as a whole. Separate analyses of conventional and non-conventional oil and gas, which are depleting at different rates and costs, show when these critical energy sources peak and decline. The Atlas also summarizes the history and political circumstances of each country to assess the impact on oil and gas production and reserves. It contrasts the First Half of the Oil Age, which saw the rapid expansion of the world economy, allowing the population to grow six-fold, with the Second Half, which will witness a general contraction as these easy, high-density energy supplies dwindle. The transition threatens to be a time of great economic, financial and political tensions. The Atlas, which has been compiled and updated by prominent geologist, former oil company executive, and oil analyst Colin Campbell since the 1960s, addresses the need for a reliable and comprehensive database on a subject essential to governments, industry, academia, and the population as a whole as we attempt to adapt to these critically changing circumstances.