Cosmology Astronomy
Cosmology and Astrophysics Through Problems
Cosmology and Astrophysics Through Problems
Paperback      ISBN: 0521467837

This innovative book provides a clear and pedagogical introduction to research through a series of problems and answers. The author has designed the problems to develop each core topic in a simple and coherent way, and he provides full solutions to make this book completely self-contained. The first half of the book covers the core subjects of astrophysical processes, gravitational dynamics, radiative processes, fluid mechanics and general relativity. The second half uses these concepts to develop modern cosmology; topics include the Friedmann model and thermal history, the dynamics of dark matter and baryons in an expanding universe, the physics of high-redshift objects and the very early universe. This unique self-study textbook will be of key interest to graduate students and researchers in cosmology, astrophysics, relativity and theoretical physics. It is particularly well suited to graduate-level courses.

Cosmology and Controversy: The Historical Development of Two Theories of the Universe
Cosmology and Controversy
The Historical Development of Two Theories of the Universe
Paperback      ISBN: 069100546x

For over three millennia, most people could understand the universe only in terms of myth, religion, and philosophy. Between 1920 and 1970, cosmology transformed into a branch of physics. With this remarkably rapid change came a theory that would finally lend empirical support to many long-held beliefs about the origins and development of the entire universe: the theory of the big bang. In this book, Helge Kragh presents the development of scientific cosmology for the first time as a historical event, one that embroiled many famous scientists in a controversy over the very notion of an evolving universe with a beginning in time. In rich detail he examines how the big-bang theory drew inspiration from and eventually triumphed over rival views, mainly the steady-state theory and its concept of a stationary universe of infinite age.


In the 1920s, Alexander Friedmann and Georges Lema tre showed that Einstein's general relativity equations possessed solutions for a universe expanding in time. Kragh follows the story from here, showing how the big-bang theory evolved, from Edwin Hubble's observation that most galaxies are receding from us, to the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Sir Fred Hoyle proposed instead the steady-state theory, a model of dynamic equilibrium involving the continuous creation of matter throughout the universe. Although today it is generally accepted that the universe started some ten billion years ago in a big bang, many readers may not fully realize that this standard view owed much of its formation to the steady-state theory. By exploring the similarities and tensions between the theories, Kragh provides the reader with indispensable background for understanding much of today's commentary about our universe.

Cosmology and Particle Physics
Cosmology and Particle Physics
Hardcover      ISBN: 0792327683

In recent years there has been a steadily increasing cross-fertilization between cosmology and particle physics, on both the theoretical and experimental levels. Particle physics has provided new experimental data from the big accelerators in operation, and data from space satellites are accumulating rapidly. Cosmology is still one of the best laboratories for testing particle theory.
The present work discusses such matters in the context of inflation, strings, dark matter, neutrinos and gravitational wave physics in the very early universe, field theory at the Planck scale, and high energy physics. A particular emphasis has been placed on a new topology for spatial infinity, on the relation between temperature and gravitational potential, a canonical formulation of general relativity, the neutrino mass, spin in the early universe, the measurement of gravity in the 10--100 m range, galaxy--galaxy and cluster--cluster correlation, black holes, string theory and string/string duality.
The work also presents a beautiful review of high energy elementary particle physics, treating the meaning, status and perspectives of unification and standard model gauge couplings.

Cosmology and the Evolution of the Universe
Cosmology and the Evolution of the Universe
Hardcover      ISBN: 031334079x

Cosmology and the Evolution of the Universe provides readers with an up-to-date survey of the current scientific understanding of how the universe has evolved in the almost 14 billion years since the Big Bang. Scientifically sound and written with the student in mind, it is an excellent first step for students researching the science of cosmology and a resource for all who wish to know more about the evolution of the universe.

Cosmology and the Evolution of the Universe discusses all areas of what is known about the subject. Topics include: the large-scale structure of the universe; the discovery and importance of cosmic microwave background radiation; and the forces and particles involved in the evolution of the universe. The book even tackles that most provocative of questions: How will the universe end?

Cosmology Revealed: Living Inside the Cosmic Egg
Cosmology Revealed
Living Inside the Cosmic Egg
Hardcover      ISBN: 1852333227

This book presents a clear explanation of the nature of the universe, including a special color feature incorporated in the book that offers three-dimensional views of the surrounding universe to ever greater depths. It assumes no prior knowledge of astronomy or cosmology and will attract general readers and beginning amateur astronomers. It provides much more on large-scale structures than other popular-level cosmology books. The mix of cosmology, large scale structures, anthropic principle, and perspectives on the universe is unique.

Cosmos: Possible Worlds
Cosmos
Possible Worlds
Hardcover      ISBN: 1426219083
This sequel to Carl Sagan's blockbuster continues the electrifying journey through space and time, connecting with worlds billions of miles away and envisioning a future of science tempered with wisdom.

Based on National Geographic's internationally-renowned television series, this groundbreaking and visually stunning book explores how science and civilization grew up together. From the emergence of life at deep-sea vents to solar-powered starships sailing through the galaxy, from the Big Bang to the intricacies of intelligence in many life forms, acclaimed author Ann Druyan documents where humanity has been and where it is going, using her unique gift of bringing complex scientific concepts to life. With evocative photographs and vivid illustrations, she recounts momentous discoveries, from the Voyager missions in which she and her husband, Carl Sagan, participated to Cassini-Huygens's recent insights into Saturn's moons. This breathtaking sequel to Sagan's masterpiece explains how we humans can glean a new understanding of consciousness here on Earth and out in the cosmos--again reminding us that our planet is a pale blue dot in an immense universe of possibility.
Creation: The Story of the Origin and Evolution of the Universe
Creation
The Story of the Origin and Evolution of the Universe
Hardcover      ISBN: 0306429527

I remember once watching a presentation of the creation of the universe in a planetarium. It was a fascinating experience: lights flashing, particles appearing to rush by as an explosive roar echoed throughout the planetarium. Then suddenly ... black- ness. And after a few seconds ... tiny lights--stars blinking into existence. I tried to imagine myself actually going back to this event. Was this really what it was like? It was an interesting facsimile, but far from what the real thing would have been like. The creation of the universe is an event that is impossible to imagine accurately. Fortunately, this has not discouraged peo- ple from wondering what it was like. In Creation I have attempted to take you back to the begin- ning-the big bang explosion-so that you can watch the uni- verse grow and evolve. Starting with the first fraction of a sec- ond, I trace the universe from its initial dramatic expansion through to the formation of the first nuclei and atoms. From here I go to the formation of galaxies and the curious distribu- tion they have taken in space. Finally I talk about the formation of elements in stars, and the first life on the planets around them.

Creation: The Story of the Origin and Evolution of the Universe
Creation
The Story of the Origin and Evolution of the Universe
Paperback      ISBN: 0738208876

An accessible overview of the evolution and development of our universe--from the Big Bang to cosmic strings.

Creation of the Universe
Creation of the Universe
Hardcover      ISBN: 9971506009

Creation of the Universe traces the development of the Big Bang theory, from the expansion of the universe to quantum cosmology, from the formation of large scale structure to the physics of the Planck era. Fang Li Zhi, a leading Chinese astrophysicist and Li Shu Xian (co-author and wife) trace the advances in cosmology and recount experiences made by scientists -- their frustrations and hardships, hopes and joys -- in an easily comprehensible and often humorous manner. Complex topics are elucidated with anecdotes from Eastern and Western philosophy.

Creation of the Universe
Creation of the Universe
Paperback      ISBN: 9971506017

Creation of the Universe traces the development of the Big Bang theory, from the expansion of the universe to quantum cosmology, from the formation of large scale structure to the physics of the Planck era. Fang Li Zhi, a leading Chinese astrophysicist and Li Shu Xian (co-author and wife) trace the advances in cosmology and recount experiences made by scientists -- their frustrations and hardships, hopes and joys -- in an easily comprehensible and often humorous manner. Complex topics are elucidated with anecdotes from Eastern and Western philosophy.