This book examines the biomedical research of Nobel Prize-winning bacteriologist Charles Nicolle during his tenure as director of the Pasteur Institute of Tunis. Using typhus as its lens, it demonstrates how the complexities of early twentieth century bacteriology, French imperial ideology, the "Pastorian mission," and conditions in colonial Tunisia blended to inform the triumphs and disappointments of Nicolle's fascinating career. It illuminates how these diverse elements shaped Nicolle's personal identity, the identity of his institute, and his innovative conception of the "birth, life, and death" -- or, the emergence and eradication -- of infectious disease. Kim Pelis blends exhaustive archival research with a close reading of Nicolle's written work -- scientific papers, philosophical treatises, and literary contributions -- to explore the complex relations between biomedical ideas and sociocultural context. The result is a study that will be of interest not only to students of French history, colonial medicine, and the history of the biomedical sciences but also to anyone seeking to understand how individuals have attempted to deal creatively with complex times and ambiguous knowledge. Kim Pelis, a medical historian by training, is a writer for the director of the National Institutes of Health.
A biography of an important but little-known American scientist that evokes the issues of religious and secular beliefs and the evolution of Chinese scientific and educational institutions during the early 1900s.
"Blurb & Contents" Frank von Hippel has been at the forefront of those scientists grappling with the troubled legacy of our Nuclear Age. Von Hippel offers insights about the choices we must make and how science can help us to make them. Topics include nuclear power, atomic weapons, disarmament, energy and the future of automobiles. The scientist's role in public life and the importance of "making trouble" is emphasized. Of interest to physicists, particularly those working in nuclear physics, policy makers, environmentalists and those concerned with nuclear disarmament and the role of science in society.
A translation of selected non-English texts included in Volume 15 is available in paperback. Since this supplementary paperback includes only select portions of Volume 15, it is not recommended for purchase without the main volume.Every document in The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein appears in the language in which it was written, and this supplementary paperback volume presents the English translations of select portions of non-English materials in Volume 15. This translation does not include notes or annotation of the documentary volume and is not intended for use without the original language documentary edition which provides the extensive editorial commentary necessary for a full historical and scientific understanding of the documents.
By emphasizing how to think strategically about a research project, the author of this innovative book shows readers the important steps of a scientific study - from the formulation of the study to the write-up of results. Illustrative examples from the social, health and behavioural sciences are used throughout to illustrate 40 principles of good research practice.
This seven volume set, published for the first time in paperback, is intended to give in as complete a form as possible the correspondence of Isaac Newton. The project to bring Newton's correspondence to the public domain began in 1947 when the Newton Letters Committee was founded at the Royal Society, with the following principles being adopted for the work: to include all letters written by Newton; all letters addressed to Newton (both to be published in extenso); extracts from contemporary letters referring to Newton; and shorter memorabilia illustrating the life of Newton, particularly minor and hitherto unpublished manuscripts of Newton. To supplement the correspondence, there are notes throughout the series which provide connecting links relating to any given letter, as well as those of a biographical and bibliographical nature. There are also elucidatory notes that contain explanations of language, symbols and obscurities. Mathematical formul are also explored, showing a richness and depth of analytical theory in Newton's letters even where more mundane matters are being discussed. Letters originally written in Latin are for the most part reproduced with a full translation, or else by a short paraphrase, in English. The spelling, punctuation, use of capital letters and abbreviations are retained, as far as possible, just as the author wrote them.
In this biography of Charles Holmes Herty (1867-1938), Germaine M. Reed portrays the life and work of an internationally known scientist who contributed greatly to the industry of his native region and who played a significant role in the development of American chemistry. As president of the American Chemical Society, editor of its industrial journal, adviser to the Chemical Foundation, and as a private consultant, Herty promoted southern industrial development through chemistry. On a national level, he promoted military preparedness with the Wilson administration, lobbied Congress for protection of war-born chemical industries, and sought cooperation and research by business, government, and universities.In 1932, he established a pulp and paper laboratory in Savannah, Georgia, to prove that cheap, fast-growing southern pine could replace Canadian spruce in the manufacture of newsprint and white paper. As a direct result of Herty's research and his missionary-like zeal, construction of the south's first newsprint plant was begun near Lufkin, Texas, in 1938.
From George Washington Carver to Dr. Mae Jemison, African Americans have been making outstanding contributions in the field of science. This unique resource goes beyond the headlines in chronicling not just the scientific achievements but also the lives of 100 remarkable men and women. Each biography provides an absorbing account of the scientist's struggles, which often included overcoming prejudice, as they pursued their educational and professional goals.
This memorial volume is dedicated to E. B. Christoffel on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of his birth. Its aim is, on the one hand, to present the life of Christoffel and the scientific milieu in which he worked and, on the other hand, to present a survey of his work not only in its historical context but especially in the frame of contemporary mathematics and physics. For one thing, this book contains expanded versions of the twelve invited lectures given at the International Christoffel Symposium, held on November 8- 11, 1979 at Aachen and Monschau. For another, the scope of these papers has been broadened by soliciting some fourty-five additional invited articles, concerned either with further aspects of the work of Christoffel or with specia- lized topics in fields in which Christoffel had worked. This should give the reader a greater opportunity to appreciate the richness of Christoffel's contributions to the mathematical and physical sciences, and not only its immediate impact but also its subsequent infiuence. It can be discerned that Christoffel did basic work not only in differential geometry or, better still, in classical tensor analysis, thereby supplying the mathematical foundations of Einstein's theory of general relativity, but also in a variety of other areas of mathematics. The scope of Christoffel's work can be appreciated from the following synopsis of the thirteen chapters into which the festschrift is divided. Chap.