Muhammad Yunus was a professor of economics in Bangladesh, who realized that the most impoverished members of his community were systematically neglected by the banking system -- no one would loan them any money. Yunus conceived of a new form of banking -- microcredit -- that would offer very small loans to the poorest people without collateral, and teach them how to manage and use their loans to create successful small businesses. He founded Grameen Bank based on the belief that credit is a basic human right, not the privilege of a fortunate few, and it now provides $24 billion of micro-loans to more than nine million families. Ninety-seven percent of its clients are women, and repayment rates are over 90 percent. Outside of Bangladesh, micro-lending programs inspired by Grameen have blossomed, and serve hundreds of millions of people around the world.
The definitive history of micro-credit direct from the man that conceived of it, Banker to the Poor is the moving story of someone who dreamed of changing the world -- and did.
A development education resource designed and written by an international group of authors and educationalists. It explores inequalities and injustices in an accessible and understandable fashion, with infographics, figures, graphs, photographs and cartoons. Now in its seventh edition, it is extensively used in universities, schools, adult and youth groups and NGOs.
Tony Daly is co-ordinator of Irish development education and human rights organisation 80:20 Educating and Acting for a Better World and project manager for an NGO consortium website www.developmenteducation.ie. Previously, he led a pilot project advancing a human rights approach to community development with the British Institute for Human Rights, London and has been directly engaged in human rights education, development education, curriculum reform and research projects in Ireland, Northern Ireland, the United Kingdom and Australia for over 15 years. He holds degrees from University College Dublin and University College London.
Ciara Regan is education consultant to 80:20 Educating and Acting for a Better World. Since 2010 she has worked directly on the developmenteducation.ie website and has researched and published in the area of women and development in the context of HIV and AIDS in Zambia. She has worked on community art projects in Lusaka, Zambia and across Dublin on a wide range of issues such as public accountability, women's rights, diversity and interculturalism. She holds degrees from NUI Galway and Birkbeck, University of London.
Colm Regan initiated and, for many years edited 80:20 Development in an Unequal World - the reader is now widely used internationally, particularly in Africa. He is former co-ordinator of 80:20 in Ireland and has been professionally active for over 40 years in education for human rights, justice and human development - subjects he has written extensively on. In this context, he has worked in development education in Ireland, the UK, Australia, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Brazil and Zambia. He holds post graduate degrees from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver and McGill University, Montreal and now lives, writes and teaches in Gozo, Malta.
This book provides analytical insights into if and how the targets adopted by the international community are likely to be achieved. A key feature of the analysis is the recognition that most of the MDG targets are endogenously related. These inter-dependencies are crucial not only in analysing the MDGs but also devising strategies.
Examining in closer detail the experiences of the ten countries that form the basis of the strategy developed in Volume 1, this volume appraises and contrasts the successes of South Korea, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Peru with the failures of Brazil, Ghana, Jamaica, and the Philippines in protecting vulnerable populations--children and infants--during economic adjustment. Sri Lanka and Chile are also considered.
Drawing on the Latin American political economy, this book brings to the fore empirical questions on different patterns of involvement of IFIs in pursuing politically-sensitive reforms, the capacity of local actors to influence outcomes, the context in which they interact, the type of policy ideas conveyed, and the policy process that are advanced.
Although much has been written about African development since the beginning of independence, officials in government have contributed very few studies directly involved in development work. This book fills that gap by providing a practically-oriented analysis of Africa's ongoing development problems. In contrast to most theoretical works which attempt to explain underdevelopment as the result of a lack of capital, manpower shortages, or colonial history, Abubakar proposes that Africa's development problems should be seen in terms of dependency and lack of capital, manpower shortages, or colonial history. He argues that Africa's development problems should be seen in terms of dependency and a lack of commitment to develop. He argues further that the African governments' attitudes toward development, which until now have not received adequate attention in the literature, are a crucial factor in explaining Africa's problems with underdevelopment.
Abubakar asserts that while it is true that colonialism has contributed to underdevelopment, the colonial experience should cease to be a scapegoat for Africa's failure to develop. Similarly, he demonstrates that aid has never been a solid basis for African development. Based upon his extensive experience, Abubakar concludes that three things are necessary to solve Africa's economic problems: a concrete commitment to development on the part of African governments; a realistic effort to end dependence on the global economic system; and a people-oriented and self-reliant government strategy.
This book offers an in-depth analysis of the current state of the African economy and makes constructive suggestions about its future direction. The contributors argue that despite enduring challenges such as food security and employment creation, Africa faces a brighter future in sustainable growth provided that governance and policy- making are effectively employed to maintain peace, achieve greater regional collaboration and encourage private sector competitiveness.
International observers have lauded Rwanda as an example of an African country that has taken control of its own development trajectory, and thus as a market-friendly destination for investment. A key component of this has been an ambitious program of agricultural reform, involving private firms, NGOs, and international charities. The Rwandan government claims these reforms have been a resounding success, tripling crop yields and helping to combat hunger. But, as Chris Huggins argues, Rwanda's liberal, modern image sits poorly beside the regime's continuing authoritarian tendencies.
Featuring in-depth case studies of the effects of agricultural reform in three different regions, and drawing on hundreds of interviews, Huggins shows that the much-vaunted liberalization of agriculture has, in fact, depended on the coercion of Rwandan farmers, and in many cases has had a detrimental impact on their livelihoods. With the Kagame regime now coming under increasing international scrutiny, this work provides a timely look at the impact of this contradictory market-friendly authoritarianism in contemporary Africa, which will be of interest to students and scholars of development in the fields of sociology, anthropology, political science, and economics.
When the major aid organizations made flows of aid conditional on changes in policy, they prompted an extensive debate in development circles. Aid and Power has made one of the most significant and influential contributions to that debate. This edition has been revised to take account of changes within the World Bank itself and the extension of policy based lending to the formerly socialist economies of east and central Europe.