This book sheds crucial new light on the epochal US interventions in Southeast Asia after World War II. Antiwar activist Fred Branfman describes the tragic lives of Laotian peasants under US bombing. Cambodia scholar Ben Kiernan and colleague Owen Taylor illuminate the course of Cambodia history after unprecedented US bombing. The book also includes classic works by Noam Chomsky, Nick Turse, and Edward Herman.
Mark Pavlick is an independent editor. He was active in the US movement against the Indochina wars in volunteer work with the Indochina Mobile Education Project and the Indochina Resource Center in Washington, DC.
1. War Crimes in Indochina and Our Troubled National Soul 5
2. Excerpts from Voices from the Plain of Jars 19
Collected by Fred Branfman
3. Legacies of War: Cluster Bombs in Laos 23
Channapha Khamvongsa and Elaine Russell
4. Agent Orange in Vietnam 53
Tuan V. Nguyen
5. Iraq, Another Vietnam? Consider Cambodia 75
Ben Kiernan and Taylor Owen
6. My Lai and the American Way of War Crimes 85
7. The Indonesian Domino 101
8. "So Many People Died" The American System of Suffering, 1965-2014 119
9. Bloodbaths in Indochina: Constructive, Nefarious, and Mythical (1979) 125
Noam Chomsky and Edward S. Herman
10. From Mad Jack to Mad Henry: The United States in Vietnam (1975) 173
11. After "Mad Henry" US Policy Toward Indochina Since 1975 201
Ng V ınh Long
12. My Experiences with Laos and the Indochina Wars 221
Interview with Fred Branfman
13. Interview with Noam Chomsky 251
Glossary of Selected Terms 261
Further Action 267
Recommended Reading 273
In a race against time, behind enemy lines, often unarmed, a special force of American and British museum directors, curators, art historians, and others, called the Momuments Men, risked their lives scouring Europe to prevent the destruction of thousands of years of culture. Focusing on the eleven-month period between D-Day and V-E Day, this fascinating account follows six Monuments Men and their impossible mission to save the world's great art from the Nazis.
Darfuri refugee camps in Chad, Kigali in Rwanda, and the ruins of ancient villages in Turkey -- all visited by genocide, all still reeling in its wake. In Journey through Genocide, Raffy Boudjikanian travels to communities that have survived genocide to understand the legacy of this most terrible of crimes against humanity.
In this era of ethnic and religious wars, mass displacements, and forced migrations, Boudjikanian looks back at three humanitarian crises. In Chad, meet families displaced by massacres in the Darfur region of neighbouring Sudan, their ordeal still raw. In Rwanda, meet a people struggling with justice and reconciliation. And in Turkey, explore what it means to still be afraid a century after the author's own ancestors were caught in the Armenian Genocide of 1915.
Clear-eyed and compassionate, Boudjikanian breathes life into horrors that too often seem remote.
Yablonka (Jewish history, Ben-Gurion U. of the Negev) believes that a more extensive study is required to understand the integration of Holocaust survivors into Israeli society, and that Eichmann's 1961 trial for crimes against Jews during World War II constituted a turning point in their social and cultural status in Israel. The Hebrew original, M
From the "New York Times" reporters who first uncovered S.S. officer Aribert Heim s secret life in Egypt comes the never-before-told story of the most hunted Nazi war criminal in the world.
Dr. Aribert Heim worked at the Mauthausen concentration camp for only a few months in 1941 but left a devastating mark. According to the testimony of survivors, Heim euthanized patients with injections of gasoline into their hearts. He performed surgeries on otherwise healthy people. Some recalled prisoners' skulls set out on his desk to display perfect sets of teeth. Yet in the chaos of the postwar period, Heim was able to slip away from his dark past and establish himself as a reputable doctor and family man in the resort town of Baden-Baden. His story might have ended there, but for certain rare Germans who were unwilling to let Nazi war criminals go unpunished, among them a police investigator named Alfred Aedtner. After Heim fled on a tip that he was about to be arrested, Aedtner turned finding him into an overriding obsession. His quest took him across Europe and across decades, and into a close alliance with legendary Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal. The hunt for Heim became a powerful symbol of Germany's evolving attitude toward the sins of its past, which finally crested in a desire to see justice done at almost any cost.
As late as 2009, the mystery of Heim s disappearance remained unsolved. Now, in "The Eternal Nazi," Nicholas Kulish and Souad Mekhennet reveal for the first time how Aribert Heim evaded capture--living in a working-class neighborhood of Cairo, praying in Arabic, beloved by an adopted Muslim family--while inspiring a manhunt that outlived him by many years. It is a brilliant feat of historical detection that illuminates a nation s dramatic reckoning with the crimes of the Holocaust."
What is the role of aesthetic expression in responding to discrimination, tragedy, violence, even genocide? How does gender shape responses to both literal and structural violence, including implicit linguistic, familial, and cultural violence? How might writing or other works of art contribute to healing? Art from Trauma: Genocide and Healing beyond Rwanda explores the possibility of art as therapeutic, capable of implementation by mental health practitioners crafting mental health policy in Rwanda.This anthology of scholarly, personal, and hybrid essays was inspired by scholar and activist Chantal Kalisa (1965-2015). At the commemoration of the nineteenth anniversary of the genocide in Rwanda, organized by the Rwandan Embassy in Washington DC, Kalisa gave a presentation, "Who Speaks for the Survivors of the Genocide against Tutsi?" Kalisa devoted her energy to giving expression to those whose voices had been distorted or silenced. The essays in this anthology address how the production and experience of visual, dramatic, cinematic, and musical arts, in addition to literary arts, contribute to healing from the trauma of mass violence, offering preliminary responses to questions like Kalisa's and honoring her by continuing the dialogue in which she participated with such passion, sharing the work of scholars and colleagues in genocide studies, gender studies, and francophone literatures.
In April 2014, the Nigerian-grown extremist group Boko Haram abducted nearly 300 young girls from a school in northeastern Nigeria, prompting an international movement to "Bring Back Our Girls." Now, many have been sold into a medieval kind of slavery, forced to become brides of Boko Haram fighters. Meanwhile, Boko Haram has formed an alliance with the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq and increased the level of violence in Nigeria and its neighboring countries. Follow this developing story of Islamic extremism through the AP's stories and images.
In 1994, Rwanda was the scene of the first acts since World War II to be legally defined as genocide. Two years later, Clea Koff, a twenty-three-year-old forensic anthropologist, left the safe confines of a lab in Berkeley, California, to serve as one of sixteen scientists chosen by the United Nations to unearth the physical evidence of the Rwandan genocide. Over the next four years, Koff's grueling investigations took her across geography synonymous with some of the worst crimes of the twentieth century.The Bone Woman is Koff's unflinching, riveting account of her seven UN missions to Bosnia, Croatia, Kosovo, and Rwanda, as she shares what she saw, how it affected her, who was prosecuted based on evidence she found, and what she learned about the world. Yet even as she recounts the hellish nature of her work and the heartbreak of the survivors, she imbues her story with purpose, humanity, and a sense of justice. A tale of science in service of human rights, The Bone Woman is, even more profoundly, a story of hope and enduring moral principles.
While the flames of World War II still raged, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin issued a warning to the Nazi leaders. Those responsible for the torture and murder of millions of innocent and defenseless civilians were promised that "... the three Allied Powers will pursue them to the furthest corners of the earth and deliver them to their judges so that justice may be done."
That promise was not kept. Justice was not done. In 1945, twelve of the most notorious Nazis were tried for crimes against humanity and sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal convened at Nuremberg. (Martin Bormann, his whereabouts unknown, had been tried and convicted in absentia.) Subsequent war-crimes trials ended in the conviction of other offenders. But the majority of the torturers and murderers escaped, found sanctuary, and continued to work effectively toward the concept of eventual world domination. Nazism did not die at Nuremberg.
This survival and resurgence was the result of a plan for the creation of a "brotherhood" initiated long before the end of the war by the least visible and most powerful of the Nazi war lords--Martin Bormann. The Brotherhood, backed by virtually unlimited funds, established "safe" houses inside Germany, escape routes to other countries and continents, and an extensive international group of industrial firms as financial reservoirs and as "fronts" for escaped Nazis. This chronicle, based upon independent investigation, including numerous exclusive interviews and the examination of declassified and revealing documents, casts a new light upon Bormann, his strange role in the Third Reich, and his devastating influence, which cuts mercilessly into our present. This is essential reading, as fascinating as it is meaningful.