Social Stratification
Elites and Society
Elites and Society
Paperback      ISBN: 0415082714

In this substantially revised and enlarged second edition of a classic text that has been used throughout the world in numerous translations, Tom Bottomore reconsiders lite theory in the light of more recent studies. He examines the role and significance of lites in relation to classes and class structure in both advanced industrial and developing countries, and expounds the criticism of lites and litism that have been formulated by democratic and socialist thinkers and movements. In a new concluding chapter, Professor Bottomore considers the prospect, as humanity approaches the millenium, for a renewed advance towards more egalitarian forms of society, in which all citizens would be able to participate more fully and effectively in the shaping of their social world.
Tom Bottomore taught at the London School of Economics 1952-64, was Head of the Department of Political Science, Sociology and Anthropology at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver 1965-67, and Professor of Sociology at the University of Sussex 1968-85 where he is now Professor Emeritus. He is the author of numerous books, most recently: Theories of Modern Capitalism, Allen and Unwin (1985); Classes in Modern Society, Routledge (2nd edition, 1991) and Between Marginalism and Marxism: The Economic Sociology of J A Schumpter, Harvester Wheatsheaf (1992).

Elites in the Middle East
Elites in the Middle East
Hardcover      ISBN: 0275905721
Elites, Enterprise and the Making of the British Overseas Empire1688-1775
Elites, Enterprise and the Making of the British Overseas Empire1688-1775
Hardcover      ISBN: 0333622081

This book examines the cultural, economic, and social forces that shaped the development of the British empire in the eighteenth century. The empire is placed in a broad historiographical context informed by important recent work on the 'fiscal-military state', and 'gentlemanly capitalism'. This allows the empire to be seen not as a series of discrete, unconnected geographical regions scattered across the world, but as a commercial, cultural, and social body with its roots very firmly planted in metropolitan society.

Emerging Class in Papua New Guinea: The Telling of Difference
Emerging Class in Papua New Guinea
The Telling of Difference
Paperback      ISBN: 0521655676

Class has become a feature of life in Papua New Guinea, evident in both "traditional" and "modern" settings. This book examines the emergence of class differences and its social and cultural ramifications in Wewak, capital of the East Sepik Province. It movingly conveys the injuries of class inequalities, and reveals how class has worked in similar and different ways, and how it has become possible and plausible for relatively affluent "nationals," even those living in modest urban centers, to present themselves as fundamentally superior to other Papua New Guineans.

Emerging Class in Papua New Guinea: The Telling of Difference
Emerging Class in Papua New Guinea
The Telling of Difference
Hardcover      ISBN: 052165212x

Class has become a feature of life in Papua New Guinea, evident in both "traditional" and "modern" settings. This book examines the emergence of class differences and its social and cultural ramifications in Wewak, capital of the East Sepik Province. It movingly conveys the injuries of class inequalities, and reveals how class has worked in similar and different ways, and how it has become possible and plausible for relatively affluent "nationals," even those living in modest urban centers, to present themselves as fundamentally superior to other Papua New Guineans.

The End of Class Politics?: Class Voting in Comparative Context
The End of Class Politics?
Class Voting in Comparative Context
Hardcover      ISBN: 0198280955

The last few decades has seen a prolonged debate over the nature and importance of social class as a basis for ideology, class voting and class politics. In this book, leading scholars argue that the class basis of political competition has to some degree evolved, but not declined. Furthermore, the sweeping claims about the new politics of postindustrial society need to be re-examined.

The End of Class Politics?: Class Voting in Comparative Context
The End of Class Politics?
Class Voting in Comparative Context
Paperback      ISBN: 0198296347

The last few decades has seen a prolonged debate over the nature and importance of social class as a basis for ideology, class voting and class politics. In this book, leading scholars argue that the class basis of political competition has to some degree evolved, but not declined. Furthermore, the sweeping claims about the new politics of postindustrial society need to be re-examined.

The Endangered West: Myopic Elites and Fragile Social Orders in a Threatening World
The Endangered West
Myopic Elites and Fragile Social Orders in a Threatening World
Paperback      ISBN: 1412864151

Bold political elites and unique forms of social order brought the West to world dominance, but both are weakening dramatically in the contemporary period. The Endangered West makes the case for the continuation of Western power on as wide a global basis as is prudent. Is the survival of Western influence possible, or must we resign ourselves to its eventually being subordinated to more ruthless powers? Higley lays out the main policy lines that successful leadership will have to follow to preserve and strengthen Western societies. These include avoiding futile involvements in the internal problems of non-Western countries and preserving sufficient social order to permit public and private organizations to function. The West will also have to find a way to regularize treatment of the growing number of those who lack employment; invent new forms of useful work for Westerners to perform; inhibit large in-migrations, and discourage population growth. Above all, the West must address the threat of environmental disaster. There is no certain result in the struggle, but such measures will help to prevent a slide into despotism or a lapse into barbarism. Half the battle is to hold on to what the West has and, if possible, extend it. Progress will be made if elites and opinion leaders address societies' problems more competently. If the West's prestige is restored, world tensions may gradually subside, making meeting global problems more possible.

English Society in the Later Middle Ages: Class, Status and Gender
English Society in the Later Middle Ages
Class, Status and Gender
Paperback      ISBN: 0333492404

What was the social structure of England in the period 1200 to 1500? What were the basic forms of social inequality? To what extent did such divisions generate social conflict? How significantly did English society change during this period and what were the causes of social change? Is it useful to see medieval social structure in terms of the theories and concepts produced within the medieval period itself? What does modern social theory have to offer the historian seeking to understand English society in the later middle ages? These are the questions which this book seeks to answer. Beginning with an analysis of class structure of medieval England, Part One of this book asks to what extent class conflict was inherent within class relations and discusses the contrasting successes and outcomes of such conflict in town and country. Part Two of the book examines to what extent such class divisions interacted with other forms of social inequality, such as those between orders (nobility and clergy), between men and women, and those arising from membership of a status-group (the Jews). Dr Rigby's discussion of medieval English society is located within the context of recent historical and sociological debates about the nature of social stratification and, using the work of social theorists such as Parkin and Runciman, offers a synthesis of the Marxist and Weberian approaches to social structure. The book should be extremely useful to those undergraduates beginning their studies of medieval England whilst, in offering a new interpretative framework within which to examine social structure, also interesting those historians who are more familiar with this period.

Equality by Design: The Grand Experiment in Destratification in Socialist Hungary
Equality by Design
The Grand Experiment in Destratification in Socialist Hungary
Hardcover      ISBN: 0804731071

Social mobility is a classic topic in sociology, and Hungary presents an interesting case study for a number of reasons. The communist regime that took power after World War II had the proclaimed goal of eliminating the abusive inequalities of the old regime and creating an egalitarian society; it accordingly introduced numerous measures intended to favor the advancement of people with working-class backgrounds.

That to some extent these policies worked cannot be disputed, but over time did they simply replace one privileged class with another? What happened during the communist reform era of the late 1970's and 1980's, when Hungary went much further along the path of decentralizing the economy than any other Eastern bloc country? What happened in the postcommunist era? And what difference did such age-old liabilities as being Jewish or female make?

There is as much scholarly debate over how to address these questions in an intellectually rigorous way as there is over the answers to them. This study aims to contribute to the debate by analyzing random samples of both elites and the general population and by carrying out comparisons across presocialist, socialist, and postsocialist society. Its main methodological goal is to explore the implications of carefully distinguishing between the effects of socialist reform on the distribution of inequality from its effects on the underlying rules by which inequality is allocated.