The stunning story of one of America's great disasters, a preventable tragedy of Gilded Age America, brilliantly told by master historian David McCullough.At the end of the nineteenth century, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was a booming coal-and-steel town filled with hardworking families striving for a piece of the nation's burgeoning industrial prosperity. In the mountains above Johnstown, an old earth dam had been hastily rebuilt to create a lake for an exclusive summer resort patronized by the tycoons of that same industrial prosperity, among them Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, and Andrew Mellon. Despite repeated warnings of possible danger, nothing was done about the dam. Then came May 31, 1889, when the dam burst, sending a wall of water thundering down the mountain, smashing through Johnstown, and killing more than 2,000 people. It was a tragedy that became a national scandal. Graced by David McCullough's remarkable gift for writing richly textured, sympathetic social history, The Johnstown Flood is an absorbing, classic portrait of life in nineteenth-century America, of overweening confidence, of energy, and of tragedy. It also offers a powerful historical lesson for our century and all times: the danger of assuming that because people are in positions of responsibility they are necessarily behaving responsibly.
Fifty years ago, enactment of the Wagner National Labor Relations Act gave American organized labour what it has regarded ever since as one of its greatest assets: a legislative guarantee of the right of workers to organize and bargain collectively. Yet although the Wagner Act's guarantees remain substantially unaltered, organized labour in America today is in deep decline. Addressing this apparent paradox, Christopher Tomlins offers here a critical examination of the impact of the National Labor Relations Act on American unions. By studying the intentions and goals of policy makers in the context of the development of labour law from the late nineteenth century, and by looking carefully at the course of labour history since the act's passage, Dr Tomlins shows how public policy has been shaped to confine labour's role in the American economy, and that many of the unions' problems stem from the laws which purport to protect them.
This comprehensive regional history contains a wealth of historical and biographical material on the Lackawanna Valley, Pennsylvania, from prehistoric times down to the middle of the 19th century. Discussions include: Indian History of Wyoming; Indian Village of Capoose; Lackawanna River and Valley; Was Wyoming Once a Vast Lake?; War-Paths; Indian Spring Upon the Moosic Mountain; Indian Relics and Fortifications; Indian Apple-Tree; Beacon Fires; Silver Mine on the Lackawanna; Gold Mine; Salt Springs; Lead Mine; General History; Isaac Tripp; Westmoreland; Wallenpaupack Settlement; James Leggett; First Wagon Road from Pittston to the Delaware; Military Organization; Religion, Morality and Still-Houses; Mills Upon the Lackawanna, Dr. Joseph Sprauge, Dr. William Hooker Smith-Old Forge; The Signal Tree; The Wyoming Massacre; Providence Township and Village; Dunsmore; History of Scranton; Blakeley; Yankee Way of Pulling a Tooth; Thomas Smith; Settlement of Abington; The Great Hunter, Elias Scott; "Drinker's Beech" (Now Covington); Settlement of Jefferson; Chased by a Panther; Dunning; Carbondale; Lackawanna Valley in 1804; Formation of Townships; Primitive Ministers; Proprietors' School Fund and Primitive Schools; Paths and Roads; The Rise of Methodism in the Valley; Smelling Hell; Formation of Anthracite Coal; Organic Remains Found in the Coal Strata; Minerals and Mining; Coal Lands Fifty Years Ago; The Discovery and Introduction into Use of Anthracite Coal; William and Maurice Wurts; Falling in of the Carbondale Mines; Earliest Mail Route through the Valley; The Pennsylvania Coal Company; From Pittston to Hawley; Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad; Lackawanna and Bloomsburg Railroad; Sketch of the Early History of the Lehigh and Susquehanna Railroad; Hon. George W. Scranton; and Lehigh Valley Railroad. Appendices and numerous illustrations enhance the text.
Volume III covers Penn's return to England, his appeal to James II to support religious toleration, his struggle to reestablish his position in England and to manage his colony in America, and his return to Pennsylvania in 1699.
This volume documents the final eighteen years of William Penn's life, from 1701 to 1718. It opens with his last months as resident proprietor of Pennsylvania--a moment of great importance in the political history of the colony. It ends with his death on 30 July 1718, after a lingering illness.
A comprehensive, annotated, illustrated bibliography, with essays placing the work in perspective and describing the underground press of the day.
Here, is the story of the revolution told from the side of the losers--the Tories or the disaffected--as it took place in Pennsylvania. Their disaffection was largely cause, however, not by loyalty to England and her king, but by local factors within Pennsylvania, such as religious and political divisions, personal antagonisms, and rivalries. This volume traces the development of that opposition as the mother country began to enforce a stricter colonial policy in the 1760s. Ousterhout focuses on the disaffected in the pre-war decade, showing their increasing apprehensiveness about the escalating colonial anti-British measures and their belief that those measures were causing, rather than responding to, the increasingly violent British actions. The volume further explores the punishments and harassments against the disaffected that were administered by local crowds as well as by legal agencies during the Revolutionary period.
A collection of 20 essays, by a distinguished panel of specialists in British and American history, that explores the complex political, economic, intellectual, religious, and social environment in which William Penn lived and worked.